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Evaluation of short-term outcomes of experimental stifle luxation in feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) treated with a hinged transarticular external skeletal fixator and physical therapy


Azmanis, Panagiotis N; Voss, Katja; Hatt, Jean-Michel (2014). Evaluation of short-term outcomes of experimental stifle luxation in feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) treated with a hinged transarticular external skeletal fixator and physical therapy. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, 12(2):157-166.

Abstract

To evaluate the use of the FESSA hinged linear transarticular external fixator (HLTEF) and the effect of early physical therapy after experimental stifle luxation in pigeons, eight feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) underwent surgery and afterwards one group started physical therapy on day 1 post surgery, while the other after HLTEF removal on day 21. Healing was evaluated with clinical, radiographic, pathologic, and histologic criteria for 43 days. All birds healed clinically and radiographically. No significant difference was detected between groups in range of motion, thigh thickness and circumference, or muscle/ joint histology. Regressive lameness and pododermatitis affected all birds. Pathology revealed joint capsule fibrosis, hemorrhagic synovial fluid, and callus formation around the pins. Degenerative joint changes were evident histologically. Concluding, this study demonstrated the successful use of the FESSA hinged linear transarticular external fixator for the treatment of stifle luxation and emphasized the difference between clinical and histological healing outcome.

Abstract

To evaluate the use of the FESSA hinged linear transarticular external fixator (HLTEF) and the effect of early physical therapy after experimental stifle luxation in pigeons, eight feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) underwent surgery and afterwards one group started physical therapy on day 1 post surgery, while the other after HLTEF removal on day 21. Healing was evaluated with clinical, radiographic, pathologic, and histologic criteria for 43 days. All birds healed clinically and radiographically. No significant difference was detected between groups in range of motion, thigh thickness and circumference, or muscle/ joint histology. Regressive lameness and pododermatitis affected all birds. Pathology revealed joint capsule fibrosis, hemorrhagic synovial fluid, and callus formation around the pins. Degenerative joint changes were evident histologically. Concluding, this study demonstrated the successful use of the FESSA hinged linear transarticular external fixator for the treatment of stifle luxation and emphasized the difference between clinical and histological healing outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:02 Jul 2014 14:53
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 06:14
Publisher:Veterinary Sloutions LLC, USA
ISSN:1559-470X
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol12Iss2/Vol12Iss2Azmanis.pdf

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