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Discovery of dual ZAP70 and Syk kinases inhibitors by docking into a rare C-helix-out conformation of Syk


Zhao, Hongtao; Caflisch, Amedeo (2014). Discovery of dual ZAP70 and Syk kinases inhibitors by docking into a rare C-helix-out conformation of Syk. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 24(6):1523-1527.

Abstract

The non-receptor tyrosine kinase Syk (spleen tyrosine kinase) is a pharmaceutical relevant target because its over-activation is observed in several autoimmune diseases, allergy, and asthma. Here we report the identification of two novel inhibitors of Syk by high-throughput docking into a rare C-helix-out conformation published recently. Interestingly, both compounds are slightly more active on ZAP70 (Zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70), which is the kinase closest to Syk in the phylogenetic tree of human kinases. Taken together, the docking pose and experimental results suggest that the higher affinity of the inhibitors for ZAP70 than Syk originates from a more populated C-helix-out conformation in ZAP70. The latter observation is congruent with the 100-fold lower intrinsic activity of ZAP70 than Syk, as the C-helix-out conformation is inactive. The pharmacophore features of DFG-in, C-helix-out compounds are analyzed in relation to DFG-out inhibitors.

Abstract

The non-receptor tyrosine kinase Syk (spleen tyrosine kinase) is a pharmaceutical relevant target because its over-activation is observed in several autoimmune diseases, allergy, and asthma. Here we report the identification of two novel inhibitors of Syk by high-throughput docking into a rare C-helix-out conformation published recently. Interestingly, both compounds are slightly more active on ZAP70 (Zeta-chain-associated protein kinase 70), which is the kinase closest to Syk in the phylogenetic tree of human kinases. Taken together, the docking pose and experimental results suggest that the higher affinity of the inhibitors for ZAP70 than Syk originates from a more populated C-helix-out conformation in ZAP70. The latter observation is congruent with the 100-fold lower intrinsic activity of ZAP70 than Syk, as the C-helix-out conformation is inactive. The pharmacophore features of DFG-in, C-helix-out compounds are analyzed in relation to DFG-out inhibitors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:01 Jul 2014 15:33
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 06:17
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0960-894X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2014.01.083
PubMed ID:24569110

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