Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

No evidence for feature overwriting in visual working memory


Jünger, Elisabeth; Kliegl, Reinhold; Oberauer, Klaus (2014). No evidence for feature overwriting in visual working memory. Memory, 22(4):374-389.

Abstract

The effect of repeating features in a short-term memory task was tested in three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 used a recognition paradigm. Participants encoded four serially presented objects and then decided whether a probe matched one of them with regard to all three features. In the control condition no feature was repeated; in the experimental condition features were repeated in two memory objects. Experiment 3 used a cued recall paradigm with the same list design. After list presentation one feature was used as a cue uniquely indicating one of the memory objects. Participants recalled the remaining two features of the probed object. Feature overwriting as one component of the interference model of Oberauer and Kliegl (2006) predicts worse performance in the experimental compared to the control condition. Results of all three experiments did not support this hypothesis. Recognition performances in Experiments 1 and 2 were not impaired by repeating features. Recall performance in Experiment 3 was better for repeated features, contrary to the predictions of feature overwriting. Predictions from feature overwriting for the shape of serial position curves were also not confirmed.

Abstract

The effect of repeating features in a short-term memory task was tested in three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 used a recognition paradigm. Participants encoded four serially presented objects and then decided whether a probe matched one of them with regard to all three features. In the control condition no feature was repeated; in the experimental condition features were repeated in two memory objects. Experiment 3 used a cued recall paradigm with the same list design. After list presentation one feature was used as a cue uniquely indicating one of the memory objects. Participants recalled the remaining two features of the probed object. Feature overwriting as one component of the interference model of Oberauer and Kliegl (2006) predicts worse performance in the experimental compared to the control condition. Results of all three experiments did not support this hypothesis. Recognition performances in Experiments 1 and 2 were not impaired by repeating features. Recall performance in Experiment 3 was better for repeated features, contrary to the predictions of feature overwriting. Predictions from feature overwriting for the shape of serial position curves were also not confirmed.

Statistics

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Date:2014
Deposited On:04 Jul 2014 13:46
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 06:19
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0965-8211
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2013.794243
PubMed ID:23663040

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher