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MERIS/ENVISAT vicarious calibration over land


Kneubühler, Mathias; Schaepman, Michael E; Thome, Kurtis J; Schläpfer, Daniel R (2003). MERIS/ENVISAT vicarious calibration over land. In: Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VII, Barcelona, Spain, 8 September 2003 - 8 September 2003, 614-623.

Abstract

The launch of ESA’s ENVISAT in March 2002 was followed by a commissioning phase for all ENVISAT instruments to verify the performance of ENVISAT instruments and recommend possible adjustments of the calibration or the product algorithms before the data was widely distributed. The focus of this paper is on the vicarious calibration of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) radiance product (Level 1b) over land. From August to October 2002, several vicarious calibration (VC) experiments for MERIS were performed by the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, and the Remote Sensing Laboratories, University of Zurich. The purpose of these activities was the acquisition of in-situ measurements of surface and atmospheric conditions over a bright, uniform land target, preferably during the time of MERIS data acquisition. The experiment was performed on a dedicated desert site (Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, USA), which has previously been used to calibrate most relevant satellite instruments (e.g., MODIS, ETM+, etc.). In-situ data were then used to compute top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances which were compared to the MERIS TOA radiances (Level 1b full resolution product) to determine the in-flight radiometric response of the on-orbit sensor. The absolute uncertainties of the vicarious calibration experiment are found between 3.36-7.15%, depending on the accuracies of the available ground truth data. Based on the uncertainties of the vicarious calibration method and the calibration accuracies of MERIS, no recommendation to update the MERIS calibration is given.

Abstract

The launch of ESA’s ENVISAT in March 2002 was followed by a commissioning phase for all ENVISAT instruments to verify the performance of ENVISAT instruments and recommend possible adjustments of the calibration or the product algorithms before the data was widely distributed. The focus of this paper is on the vicarious calibration of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) radiance product (Level 1b) over land. From August to October 2002, several vicarious calibration (VC) experiments for MERIS were performed by the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, and the Remote Sensing Laboratories, University of Zurich. The purpose of these activities was the acquisition of in-situ measurements of surface and atmospheric conditions over a bright, uniform land target, preferably during the time of MERIS data acquisition. The experiment was performed on a dedicated desert site (Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, USA), which has previously been used to calibrate most relevant satellite instruments (e.g., MODIS, ETM+, etc.). In-situ data were then used to compute top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances which were compared to the MERIS TOA radiances (Level 1b full resolution product) to determine the in-flight radiometric response of the on-orbit sensor. The absolute uncertainties of the vicarious calibration experiment are found between 3.36-7.15%, depending on the accuracies of the available ground truth data. Based on the uncertainties of the vicarious calibration method and the calibration accuracies of MERIS, no recommendation to update the MERIS calibration is given.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Event End Date:8 September 2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2014 12:14
Last Modified:12 Aug 2017 21:13
Publisher:SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN:0277-786X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1117/12.510449
Official URL:http://spie.org/Publications/Proceedings/Paper/10.1117/12.510449

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