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Proliferation of ASC-derived endothelial cells in a 3D electrospun mesh: Impact of bone-biomimetic nanocomposite and co-culture with ASC-derived osteoblasts


Gao, Shuping; Calcagni, Maurizio; Welti, Manfred; Hemmi, Sonja; Hild, Nora; Stark, Wendelin J; Bürgisser, Gabriella Meier; Wanner, Guido A; Cinelli, Paolo; Buschmann, Johanna (2014). Proliferation of ASC-derived endothelial cells in a 3D electrospun mesh: Impact of bone-biomimetic nanocomposite and co-culture with ASC-derived osteoblasts. Injury, 45(6):974-980.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fractures with a critical size bone defect are associated with high rates of delayed- and non-union. The treatment of such complications remains a serious issue in orthopaedic surgery. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) combined with biomimetic materials can potentially be used to increase fracture healing. Nevertheless, a number of requirements have to be fulfilled; in particular, the insufficient vascularisation of the bone constructs. Here, the objectives were to study the impact of ASC-derived osteoblasts on ASC-derived endothelial cells in a 3D co-culture and the effect of 40wt% of amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles on the proliferation and differentiation of ASC-derived endothelial cells when present in PLGA.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five primary ASC lines were differentiated towards osteoblasts (OBs) and endothelial cells (ECs) and two of them were chosen based on quantitative PCR results. Either a mono-culture of ASC-derived EC or a co-culture of ASC-derived EC with ASC-derived OB (1:1) was seeded on an electrospun nanocomposite of poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles (PLGA/a-CaP; reference: PLGA). The proliferation behaviour was determined histomorphometrically in different zones and the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) was quantified.
RESULTS: Independently of the fat source (biologic variability), ASC-derived osteoblasts decelerated the proliferation behaviour of ASC-derived endothelial cells in the co-culture compared to the mono-culture. However, expression of vWF was clearly stronger in the co-culture, indicating further differentiation of the ASC-derived EC into the EC lineage. Moreover, the presence of a-CaP nanoparticles in the scaffold slowed the proliferation behaviour of the co-culture cells, too, going along with a further differentiation of the ASC-derived OB, when compared to pure PLGA scaffolds.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed significant findings for bone tissue-engineering. Co-cultures of ASC-derived EC and ASC-derived OB stimulate each other's further differentiation. A nanocomposite with a-CaP nanoparticles offers higher mechanical stability, bioactivity and osteoconductivity compared to mere PLGA and can easily be seeded with pre-differentiated EC and OB.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fractures with a critical size bone defect are associated with high rates of delayed- and non-union. The treatment of such complications remains a serious issue in orthopaedic surgery. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) combined with biomimetic materials can potentially be used to increase fracture healing. Nevertheless, a number of requirements have to be fulfilled; in particular, the insufficient vascularisation of the bone constructs. Here, the objectives were to study the impact of ASC-derived osteoblasts on ASC-derived endothelial cells in a 3D co-culture and the effect of 40wt% of amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles on the proliferation and differentiation of ASC-derived endothelial cells when present in PLGA.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five primary ASC lines were differentiated towards osteoblasts (OBs) and endothelial cells (ECs) and two of them were chosen based on quantitative PCR results. Either a mono-culture of ASC-derived EC or a co-culture of ASC-derived EC with ASC-derived OB (1:1) was seeded on an electrospun nanocomposite of poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles (PLGA/a-CaP; reference: PLGA). The proliferation behaviour was determined histomorphometrically in different zones and the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) was quantified.
RESULTS: Independently of the fat source (biologic variability), ASC-derived osteoblasts decelerated the proliferation behaviour of ASC-derived endothelial cells in the co-culture compared to the mono-culture. However, expression of vWF was clearly stronger in the co-culture, indicating further differentiation of the ASC-derived EC into the EC lineage. Moreover, the presence of a-CaP nanoparticles in the scaffold slowed the proliferation behaviour of the co-culture cells, too, going along with a further differentiation of the ASC-derived OB, when compared to pure PLGA scaffolds.
CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed significant findings for bone tissue-engineering. Co-cultures of ASC-derived EC and ASC-derived OB stimulate each other's further differentiation. A nanocomposite with a-CaP nanoparticles offers higher mechanical stability, bioactivity and osteoconductivity compared to mere PLGA and can easily be seeded with pre-differentiated EC and OB.

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11 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Trauma Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reconstructive Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2014
Deposited On:09 Jul 2014 14:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:57
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0020-1383
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2014.02.035
PubMed ID:24650943

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