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Case Report: Practicability of functionally based tractography of the optic radiation during presurgical epilepsy work up


Schmitt, F C; Kaufmann, J; Hoffmann, M B; Tempelmann, C; Kluge, C; Rampp, S; Voges, J; Heinze, H J; Buentjen, L; Grueschow, M (2014). Case Report: Practicability of functionally based tractography of the optic radiation during presurgical epilepsy work up. Neuroscience Letters, 568:56-61.

Abstract

Pre-operative tractography of the optic radiation (OR) has been advised to assess the risk for postoperative visual field deficit (VFD) in certain candidates for resective epilepsy surgery. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography relies on a precise anatomical determination of start and target regions of interest (ROIs), such as the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and the primary visual cortex (V1). The post-chiasmal visual pathway and V1 show considerable inter-individual variability, and in epilepsy patients parenchymatous lesions might further complicate this matter. A functionally based tractography (FBT) seems beneficial for precise OR identification. We assessed practicability of FBT for OR identification in a patient with occipital lobe epilepsy due to a temporo-occipital maldevelopmental tumor. The MRI protocol at 3 T included a T1-weighted sagittal 3D scan, a T2-weighted axial 2D scan and a DTI scan using an echo planar spin echo sequence. ROIs for fiber tracking of OR (LGN & V1) were determined with T2*-weighted fMRI-based retinotopic assessment. After DTI pre-processing and fiber tracking, paths with similar properties were combined in clusters for visual presentation and OR localization. Retinotopic phase maps allowed for the identification of V1 and LGN for a precise DTI-based reconstruction of OR, which was distant to the patient's tumor. Location and structure of ORs were comparable in each hemisphere. FBT could thus influence the human research of the extrastriate visual pathway and the risk management of post-operative VFD in epilepsy surgery.

Abstract

Pre-operative tractography of the optic radiation (OR) has been advised to assess the risk for postoperative visual field deficit (VFD) in certain candidates for resective epilepsy surgery. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography relies on a precise anatomical determination of start and target regions of interest (ROIs), such as the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and the primary visual cortex (V1). The post-chiasmal visual pathway and V1 show considerable inter-individual variability, and in epilepsy patients parenchymatous lesions might further complicate this matter. A functionally based tractography (FBT) seems beneficial for precise OR identification. We assessed practicability of FBT for OR identification in a patient with occipital lobe epilepsy due to a temporo-occipital maldevelopmental tumor. The MRI protocol at 3 T included a T1-weighted sagittal 3D scan, a T2-weighted axial 2D scan and a DTI scan using an echo planar spin echo sequence. ROIs for fiber tracking of OR (LGN & V1) were determined with T2*-weighted fMRI-based retinotopic assessment. After DTI pre-processing and fiber tracking, paths with similar properties were combined in clusters for visual presentation and OR localization. Retinotopic phase maps allowed for the identification of V1 and LGN for a precise DTI-based reconstruction of OR, which was distant to the patient's tumor. Location and structure of ORs were comparable in each hemisphere. FBT could thus influence the human research of the extrastriate visual pathway and the risk management of post-operative VFD in epilepsy surgery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:30 Jul 2014 13:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 17:59
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-3940
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2014.03.049

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