Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Prevalence and determinants of sexually transmitted infections in women at risk undergoing abortion in a swiss primary care setting


Wesbonk, Jana; Chmiel, Corinne; Rosemann, Thomas; Seidenberg, André; Senn, Oliver (2014). Prevalence and determinants of sexually transmitted infections in women at risk undergoing abortion in a swiss primary care setting. Praxis, 103(15):875-882.

Abstract

Background: Specific prevalence data are needed to assess the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in specific settings where data are scant, such as women seeking early termination of pregnancy (TOP). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of STIs and its determinants in women at risk (e. g. pathological cervical swab) undergoing TOP in a primary care setting in Switzerland. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 620 women seeking abortion counselling at a general practice in Zurich, Switzerland. Patients' characteristics were assessed and in case of pathological cervical swab a PCR-based screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) was initiated to estimate STI prevalence. Bi-and multivariable analysis were used to investigate STI determinants. Results: 585 out of the 620 women presenting for counselling resulted in TOP. 581 (93,7%) cervical specimens were available with 272 having pathological signs (46,8%), thus were considered at risk for STIs. In 192 screened samples 28 STIs (14,6%) (95% CI: 10,3-20,3%) were detected, predominantly CT (17 cases) followed by MG (9 cases) and NG (2 cases). Compared to non-immigrants, immigrants were more likely to have a STI (adjusted OR 2,63; p=0,037) Non-screened women were significantly more often self-payers (31,3%) compared to screened women (8,3%) (p<0,001). Conclusion: We found a high STI prevalence in women presenting for TOP in a Swiss primary care setting. Women with a migration background seemed to be a vulnerable subgroup. Public health efforts are needed to implement cost-effective screening and case management programmes in this population at risk for STIs.

Abstract

Background: Specific prevalence data are needed to assess the burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in specific settings where data are scant, such as women seeking early termination of pregnancy (TOP). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of STIs and its determinants in women at risk (e. g. pathological cervical swab) undergoing TOP in a primary care setting in Switzerland. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 620 women seeking abortion counselling at a general practice in Zurich, Switzerland. Patients' characteristics were assessed and in case of pathological cervical swab a PCR-based screening for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) was initiated to estimate STI prevalence. Bi-and multivariable analysis were used to investigate STI determinants. Results: 585 out of the 620 women presenting for counselling resulted in TOP. 581 (93,7%) cervical specimens were available with 272 having pathological signs (46,8%), thus were considered at risk for STIs. In 192 screened samples 28 STIs (14,6%) (95% CI: 10,3-20,3%) were detected, predominantly CT (17 cases) followed by MG (9 cases) and NG (2 cases). Compared to non-immigrants, immigrants were more likely to have a STI (adjusted OR 2,63; p=0,037) Non-screened women were significantly more often self-payers (31,3%) compared to screened women (8,3%) (p<0,001). Conclusion: We found a high STI prevalence in women presenting for TOP in a Swiss primary care setting. Women with a migration background seemed to be a vulnerable subgroup. Public health efforts are needed to implement cost-effective screening and case management programmes in this population at risk for STIs.

Statistics

Altmetrics

Downloads

58 downloads since deposited on 06 Aug 2014
42 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2014
Deposited On:06 Aug 2014 15:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:00
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:1661-8157
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/1661-8157/a001724
PubMed ID:25051930

Download

Download PDF  'Prevalence and determinants of sexually transmitted infections in women at risk undergoing abortion in a swiss primary care setting'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 151kB
View at publisher