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Lack of paraoxonase 1 alters phospholipid composition, but not morphology and function of the mouse retina


Oczos, J; Sutter, I; Kloeckener-Gruissem, B; Berger, W; Riwanto, M; Rentsch, K; Hornemann, T; von Eckardstein, A; Grimm, C (2014). Lack of paraoxonase 1 alters phospholipid composition, but not morphology and function of the mouse retina. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science [IOVS], 55(8):4714-4727.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Biochemical and genetic analyses established a contribution of lipid metabolism to AMD pathology. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidative protein involved in high density lipoprotein (HDL) function and was found to be associated with AMD. Here, we used Pon1(-/-) mice to study the influence of PON1 on retinal physiology and to reveal the potential impact of PON1 on AMD etiology.
METHODS: Laser capture microdissection served to isolate single retinal layers. Retinal function was assessed by ERG. Retinal and RPE morphology were monitored by fundus imaging, fluorescein angiography, light and transmission electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence microscopy. Levels of mRNA and composition of phospholipid species were determined by real-time PCR and LC-MS, respectively.
RESULTS: Adult (8 weeks old) Pon1(-/-) mice displayed normal retinal function and morphology, but their retinas contained reduced amounts of lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs) compared to controls. Aged (12 months old) Pon1(-/-) animals did not show any morphologic or molecular signs of photoreceptor or RPE degeneration, or of accelerated aging. Photoreceptors of Pon1(-/-) and control mice were similarly susceptible to light damage.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that PON1 is not essential for normal development, function, ageing, and the defense against light damage of the mouse retina. Reduced levels of LPCs in eyes of Pon1(-/-) mice may reflect a decreased activity of phospholipase A2 or altered antioxidative activity in aged eyes.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Biochemical and genetic analyses established a contribution of lipid metabolism to AMD pathology. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidative protein involved in high density lipoprotein (HDL) function and was found to be associated with AMD. Here, we used Pon1(-/-) mice to study the influence of PON1 on retinal physiology and to reveal the potential impact of PON1 on AMD etiology.
METHODS: Laser capture microdissection served to isolate single retinal layers. Retinal function was assessed by ERG. Retinal and RPE morphology were monitored by fundus imaging, fluorescein angiography, light and transmission electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence microscopy. Levels of mRNA and composition of phospholipid species were determined by real-time PCR and LC-MS, respectively.
RESULTS: Adult (8 weeks old) Pon1(-/-) mice displayed normal retinal function and morphology, but their retinas contained reduced amounts of lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs) compared to controls. Aged (12 months old) Pon1(-/-) animals did not show any morphologic or molecular signs of photoreceptor or RPE degeneration, or of accelerated aging. Photoreceptors of Pon1(-/-) and control mice were similarly susceptible to light damage.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated that PON1 is not essential for normal development, function, ageing, and the defense against light damage of the mouse retina. Reduced levels of LPCs in eyes of Pon1(-/-) mice may reflect a decreased activity of phospholipase A2 or altered antioxidative activity in aged eyes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Neuroscience Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Molecular Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:26 Aug 2014 16:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:21
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN:0146-0404
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-14332
PubMed ID:25028362

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