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MERIS/ENVISAT first year vicarious calibration results from Railroad Valley Playa (NV)


Kneubühler, Mathias; Schaepman, Michael E; Thome, Kurtis J (2003). MERIS/ENVISAT first year vicarious calibration results from Railroad Valley Playa (NV). In: Envisat MAVT-2003 - Working meeting on MERIS and AATSR Calibration and Geophysical Validation, Frascati, Italy, 20 October 2003 - 24 October 2003.

Abstract

The launch of ESA’s ENVISAT in March 2002 was followed by a commissioning phase for all ENVISAT instruments to verify the performance of ENVISAT instruments and recommend possible adjustments of the calibration or the product algorithms before the data was widely distributed. Activities to assess the instruments performance are ongoing. This paper presents vicarious calibration results of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) radiance product (Level 1b) over land, obtained during the instrument’s first year of operation. During summer 2002 and 2003, several vicarious calibration (VC) experiments for MERIS were performed by the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, and the Remote Sensing Laboratories, University of Zürich. The purpose of these activities was the acquisition of in-situ measurements of surface and atmospheric conditions over a bright, uniform land target, preferably during the time of MERIS data acquisition. The experiment was performed on a dedicated desert site (Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, USA), which has previously been used to calibrate most relevant satellite instruments (e.g., MODIS, ETM+, ASTER, Hyperion). In-situ data were then used to compute top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances which were compared to the MERIS TOA radiances (Level 1b full resolution product) to determine the in-flight radiometric response of the on-orbit sensor. The mean absolute uncertainties of the vicarious calibration activities lie below 6.72%, but can be reduced to 3.11% by excluding the critical MERIS bands 11 and 15. Based on the uncertainties of the vicarious calibration method and the calibration accuracies of MERIS, no recommendation to update the MERIS calibration is given.

Abstract

The launch of ESA’s ENVISAT in March 2002 was followed by a commissioning phase for all ENVISAT instruments to verify the performance of ENVISAT instruments and recommend possible adjustments of the calibration or the product algorithms before the data was widely distributed. Activities to assess the instruments performance are ongoing. This paper presents vicarious calibration results of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) radiance product (Level 1b) over land, obtained during the instrument’s first year of operation. During summer 2002 and 2003, several vicarious calibration (VC) experiments for MERIS were performed by the Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, and the Remote Sensing Laboratories, University of Zürich. The purpose of these activities was the acquisition of in-situ measurements of surface and atmospheric conditions over a bright, uniform land target, preferably during the time of MERIS data acquisition. The experiment was performed on a dedicated desert site (Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, USA), which has previously been used to calibrate most relevant satellite instruments (e.g., MODIS, ETM+, ASTER, Hyperion). In-situ data were then used to compute top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances which were compared to the MERIS TOA radiances (Level 1b full resolution product) to determine the in-flight radiometric response of the on-orbit sensor. The mean absolute uncertainties of the vicarious calibration activities lie below 6.72%, but can be reduced to 3.11% by excluding the critical MERIS bands 11 and 15. Based on the uncertainties of the vicarious calibration method and the calibration accuracies of MERIS, no recommendation to update the MERIS calibration is given.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Event End Date:24 October 2003
Deposited On:26 Aug 2014 16:04
Last Modified:27 Apr 2017 12:56
Publisher:s.n.
Additional Information:Proceedings erschienen auf CD-ROM
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://earth.esa.int/workshops/mavt_2003/MAVT-2003_210-paper_MKneubueler.pdf
Related URLs:https://earth.esa.int/workshops/mavt_2003/index.html

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