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Visualization of recombination-mediated damage bypass by template switching


Giannattasio, Michele; Zwicky, Katharina; Follonier, Cindy; Foiani, Marco; Lopes, Massimo; Branzei, Dana (2014). Visualization of recombination-mediated damage bypass by template switching. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 21(10):884-892.

Abstract

Template switching (TS) mediates damage bypass via a recombination-related mechanism involving PCNA polyubiquitination and polymerase δ-dependent DNA synthesis. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and EM, here we characterize TS intermediates arising in Saccharomyces cerevisiae at a defined chromosome locus, identifying five major families of intermediates. Single-stranded DNA gaps of 150-200 nt, and not DNA ends, initiate TS by strand invasion. This causes reannealing of the parental strands and exposure of the nondamaged newly synthesized chromatid, which serves as a replication template for the other blocked nascent strand. Structures resembling double Holliday junctions, postulated to be central double-strand break-repair intermediates but so far visualized only in meiosis, mediate late stages of TS before being processed to hemicatenanes. Our results reveal the DNA transitions accounting for recombination-mediated DNA-damage tolerance in mitotic cells and replication under conditions of genotoxic stress.

Abstract

Template switching (TS) mediates damage bypass via a recombination-related mechanism involving PCNA polyubiquitination and polymerase δ-dependent DNA synthesis. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and EM, here we characterize TS intermediates arising in Saccharomyces cerevisiae at a defined chromosome locus, identifying five major families of intermediates. Single-stranded DNA gaps of 150-200 nt, and not DNA ends, initiate TS by strand invasion. This causes reannealing of the parental strands and exposure of the nondamaged newly synthesized chromatid, which serves as a replication template for the other blocked nascent strand. Structures resembling double Holliday junctions, postulated to be central double-strand break-repair intermediates but so far visualized only in meiosis, mediate late stages of TS before being processed to hemicatenanes. Our results reveal the DNA transitions accounting for recombination-mediated DNA-damage tolerance in mitotic cells and replication under conditions of genotoxic stress.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:7 September 2014
Deposited On:30 Sep 2014 15:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:22
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1545-9985
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/nsmb.2888
PubMed ID:25195051

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