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Towards matched pairs of porphyrin-Re(I) /(99m) Tc(I) conjugates that combine photodynamic activity with fluorescence and radio imaging


Gianferrara, Teresa; Spagnul, Cinzia; Alberto, Roger; Gasser, Gilles; Ferrari, Stefano; Pierroz, Vanessa; Bergamo, Alberta; Alessio, Enzo (2014). Towards matched pairs of porphyrin-Re(I) /(99m) Tc(I) conjugates that combine photodynamic activity with fluorescence and radio imaging. ChemMedChem, 9(6):1231-1237.

Abstract

We recently prepared two novel water soluble porphyrins bearing a single peripheral chelator, either diethylenetriamine (1) or bipyridyl (2), tethered to one meso position. The preparation of their conjugates with a fac-{(99m) Tc(CO)3 }(+) fragment and the potential of these resulting conjugates as fluorescence and radio imaging tools were also described. In this work, we focused on the corresponding non-radioactive analogues that bear the fac-{Re(CO)3 }(+) fragment (diethylenetriamine 3 and bipyridyl 4). We report on the uptake, in vitro PDT activity, and cellular localization of Re(I) conjugates 3 and 4 in comparison to the parent porphyrins 1 and 2. Compounds 1-4 have modest or negligible cytotoxicity in the dark against HeLa human cervical cancer cells but become remarkably cytotoxic after exposure to moderate doses of red visible light (590-700 nm). This phototoxicity was found to be directly proportional to the total light dose. Although the four compounds show distinct uptake patterns, they have comparable PDT activity. Confocal fluorescence measurements showed that porphyrin 1 and its Re(I) conjugate 3 have different cellular localization patterns in HeLa cells.

Abstract

We recently prepared two novel water soluble porphyrins bearing a single peripheral chelator, either diethylenetriamine (1) or bipyridyl (2), tethered to one meso position. The preparation of their conjugates with a fac-{(99m) Tc(CO)3 }(+) fragment and the potential of these resulting conjugates as fluorescence and radio imaging tools were also described. In this work, we focused on the corresponding non-radioactive analogues that bear the fac-{Re(CO)3 }(+) fragment (diethylenetriamine 3 and bipyridyl 4). We report on the uptake, in vitro PDT activity, and cellular localization of Re(I) conjugates 3 and 4 in comparison to the parent porphyrins 1 and 2. Compounds 1-4 have modest or negligible cytotoxicity in the dark against HeLa human cervical cancer cells but become remarkably cytotoxic after exposure to moderate doses of red visible light (590-700 nm). This phototoxicity was found to be directly proportional to the total light dose. Although the four compounds show distinct uptake patterns, they have comparable PDT activity. Confocal fluorescence measurements showed that porphyrin 1 and its Re(I) conjugate 3 have different cellular localization patterns in HeLa cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:June 2014
Deposited On:30 Sep 2014 15:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:22
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1860-7179
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/cmdc.201300501
PubMed ID:24678041

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