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Thyroid enlargement and its relationship to clinicopathological parameters and T(4) status in suspected hyperthyroid cats


Boretti, F S; Sieber-Ruckstuhl, N S; Gerber, B; Laluha, P; Baumgartner, C; Lutz, H; Hofmann-Lehmann, R; Reusch, C E (2009). Thyroid enlargement and its relationship to clinicopathological parameters and T(4) status in suspected hyperthyroid cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 11(4):286-292.

Abstract

To relate thyroid size to routine blood parameters and T(4) status the ventral neck of 161 cats with clinical signs consistent with hyperthyroidism was examined by two independent observers using a semi-quantitative palpation system. Thyroid gland size of each side was scored from 0 (non-palpable) to a maximum of 6 (>25mm). In 127 of the 161 cats, at least one thyroid gland was palpable. The palpation score was significantly correlated with the T(4) concentration. The 17 hyperthyroid cats had significantly higher palpation scores than the 110 euthyroid cats. Euthyroid animals with a palpation score >/=3 were significantly older, had higher body weights, lower alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, phosphate, and urine specific gravity, but higher lipase and creatinine concentrations than hyperthyroid cats. Our study demonstrates that although no reliable conclusion on the functional status of the thyroid can be drawn based on its size the likelihood of hyperthyroidism increases with increasing size of the gland.

Abstract

To relate thyroid size to routine blood parameters and T(4) status the ventral neck of 161 cats with clinical signs consistent with hyperthyroidism was examined by two independent observers using a semi-quantitative palpation system. Thyroid gland size of each side was scored from 0 (non-palpable) to a maximum of 6 (>25mm). In 127 of the 161 cats, at least one thyroid gland was palpable. The palpation score was significantly correlated with the T(4) concentration. The 17 hyperthyroid cats had significantly higher palpation scores than the 110 euthyroid cats. Euthyroid animals with a palpation score >/=3 were significantly older, had higher body weights, lower alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, phosphate, and urine specific gravity, but higher lipase and creatinine concentrations than hyperthyroid cats. Our study demonstrates that although no reliable conclusion on the functional status of the thyroid can be drawn based on its size the likelihood of hyperthyroidism increases with increasing size of the gland.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:9 October 2009
Deposited On:07 Jan 2009 14:54
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 16:43
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1098-612X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfms.2008.08.002
PubMed ID:18848797

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