Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Reduced hepatic lipid content in Pten-haplodeficient mice because of enhanced AKT2/PKBβ activation in skeletal muscle


Schultze, Simon M; Dietrich, Maren; Hynx, Debby; Geier, Andreas; Niessen, Markus; Spinas, Giatgen A; Hemmings, Brian A; Tschopp, Oliver (2015). Reduced hepatic lipid content in Pten-haplodeficient mice because of enhanced AKT2/PKBβ activation in skeletal muscle. Liver International, 35(4):1354-1366.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem and occurs frequently in the context of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hepatocyte-specific Pten-deficiency in mice was shown previously to result in hepatic steatosis due to hyperactivated AKT2. However, the role of peripheral insulin-sensitive tissues on PTEN- and AKT2-dependent accumulation of hepatic lipids has not been addressed.
METHODS: Effects of systemically perturbed PTEN/AKT2 signalling on hepatic lipid content were studied in Pten-haplodeficient (Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) ) mice and Pten-haplodeficient mice lacking Akt2 (Pten(+/-) /Akt2(-/-) ). The liver and skeletal muscle were characterized by histology and/or analysis of insulin signalling. To assess the effects of AKT2 activity in skeletal muscle on hepatic lipid content, AKT2 mutants were expressed in skeletal muscle of Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice using adeno-associated virus 8.
RESULTS: Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice were found to have a more than 2-fold reduction in hepatic lipid content, at a level similar to that observed in Pten(+/-) /Akt2(-/-) mice. Insulin signalling in the livers of Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice was enhanced, indicating that extrahepatic factors prevent lipid accumulation. The skeletal muscle of Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice also showed enhanced insulin signalling. Skeletal muscle-specific expression of constitutively active AKT2 reduced hepatic lipid content in Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) mice, and dominant negative AKT2 led to an increase in accumulation of hepatic lipids in both Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that AKT2 activity in skeletal muscle critically affects lipid accumulation in the livers of Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice, and emphasize the role of skeletal muscle in the pathology of NAFLD.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major health problem and occurs frequently in the context of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hepatocyte-specific Pten-deficiency in mice was shown previously to result in hepatic steatosis due to hyperactivated AKT2. However, the role of peripheral insulin-sensitive tissues on PTEN- and AKT2-dependent accumulation of hepatic lipids has not been addressed.
METHODS: Effects of systemically perturbed PTEN/AKT2 signalling on hepatic lipid content were studied in Pten-haplodeficient (Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) ) mice and Pten-haplodeficient mice lacking Akt2 (Pten(+/-) /Akt2(-/-) ). The liver and skeletal muscle were characterized by histology and/or analysis of insulin signalling. To assess the effects of AKT2 activity in skeletal muscle on hepatic lipid content, AKT2 mutants were expressed in skeletal muscle of Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice using adeno-associated virus 8.
RESULTS: Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice were found to have a more than 2-fold reduction in hepatic lipid content, at a level similar to that observed in Pten(+/-) /Akt2(-/-) mice. Insulin signalling in the livers of Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice was enhanced, indicating that extrahepatic factors prevent lipid accumulation. The skeletal muscle of Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice also showed enhanced insulin signalling. Skeletal muscle-specific expression of constitutively active AKT2 reduced hepatic lipid content in Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) mice, and dominant negative AKT2 led to an increase in accumulation of hepatic lipids in both Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice.
CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that AKT2 activity in skeletal muscle critically affects lipid accumulation in the livers of Pten(+/+) /Akt2(+/+) and Pten(+/-) /Akt2(+/+) mice, and emphasize the role of skeletal muscle in the pathology of NAFLD.

Statistics

Citations

1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 04 Feb 2016
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 May 2015
Deposited On:04 Feb 2016 13:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:23
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1478-3223
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/liv.12600
PubMed ID:24845341

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher