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Zusammenhänge zwischen Psychischer Symptomatik und Persönlichen Werten bei Bundeswehrsoldaten nach einem Auslandseinsatz


Zimmermann, Peter; Firnkes, Susanne; Kowalski, Jens; Backus, Johannes; Alliger-Horn, Christina; Willmund, Gerd; Hellenthal, Andrea; Bauer, Amanda; Petermann, Franz; Maercker, Andreas (2014). Zusammenhänge zwischen Psychischer Symptomatik und Persönlichen Werten bei Bundeswehrsoldaten nach einem Auslandseinsatz. Psychiatrische Praxis, 42(08):436-442.

Abstract

Ziel: Der Einfluss von Wertorientierungen ist bislang im militärischen Kontext nicht empirisch untersucht.
Methodik: 117 Soldaten bearbeiteten nach Auslandseinsatz den Portrait-Values-Questionnaire, den Patient-Health-Questionnaire sowie die Resilienzskala-11.
Ergebnisse: Hedonismus, Benevolenz, Tradition, Selbstbestimmung und Universalismus hatten einen in der Zusammensetzung jeweils differenten signifikanten Einfluss auf depressive, ängstliche und somatoforme Syndrome im PHQ. Die RS-11 korrelierte negativ mit der Symptomatik.
Schlussfolgerung: Werteorientierungen und Resilienz sollten bei Soldaten nach Einsätzen vermehrt Beachtung finden.

Objective: Soldiers are at increased risk of developing mental health disorders after military deployment. The impact of personal values on psychological symptomatology based on an empirical working model has not yet been studied in a military environment.
Methods: 117 German Armed Forces soldiers completed the Portrait-Values-Questionnaire (PVQ), the Patient-Health-Questionnaire (PHQ) and the Resilience-Scale (RS-11) after their deployment to Afghanistan.
Results: In the regression analyses the values hedonism, benevolence, tradition, self-direction and universalism had a differential significant impact on depression, anxiety and somatoform symptoms of the PHQ. The RS-11 sum scale values were negatively correlated with symptomatology.
Conclusion: Personal values and resilience seem to be associated with psychological symptomatology in soldiers after military deployment. The results can contribute to the further development of both preventive and therapeutic approaches.

Abstract

Ziel: Der Einfluss von Wertorientierungen ist bislang im militärischen Kontext nicht empirisch untersucht.
Methodik: 117 Soldaten bearbeiteten nach Auslandseinsatz den Portrait-Values-Questionnaire, den Patient-Health-Questionnaire sowie die Resilienzskala-11.
Ergebnisse: Hedonismus, Benevolenz, Tradition, Selbstbestimmung und Universalismus hatten einen in der Zusammensetzung jeweils differenten signifikanten Einfluss auf depressive, ängstliche und somatoforme Syndrome im PHQ. Die RS-11 korrelierte negativ mit der Symptomatik.
Schlussfolgerung: Werteorientierungen und Resilienz sollten bei Soldaten nach Einsätzen vermehrt Beachtung finden.

Objective: Soldiers are at increased risk of developing mental health disorders after military deployment. The impact of personal values on psychological symptomatology based on an empirical working model has not yet been studied in a military environment.
Methods: 117 German Armed Forces soldiers completed the Portrait-Values-Questionnaire (PVQ), the Patient-Health-Questionnaire (PHQ) and the Resilience-Scale (RS-11) after their deployment to Afghanistan.
Results: In the regression analyses the values hedonism, benevolence, tradition, self-direction and universalism had a differential significant impact on depression, anxiety and somatoform symptoms of the PHQ. The RS-11 sum scale values were negatively correlated with symptomatology.
Conclusion: Personal values and resilience seem to be associated with psychological symptomatology in soldiers after military deployment. The results can contribute to the further development of both preventive and therapeutic approaches.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Mental disorders in german soldiers after deployment - Impact of personal values and resilience
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Date:26 August 2014
Deposited On:24 Sep 2014 10:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:23
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0303-4259
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1370242
PubMed ID:25158144

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