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To rehabilitate a theological treatise. Inqādh al-Bashar min al-Jabr wa-l-Qadar


Abdulsater, Hussein Ali (2014). To rehabilitate a theological treatise. Inqādh al-Bashar min al-Jabr wa-l-Qadar. Asiatische Studien, 68(2):519-547.

Abstract

This article deals with a theological treatise that has been wrongly ascribed to the Imāmī scholar al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā (d. 436/1044). The treatise discusses the question of human agency in relation to divine decree and determining, arguing for positions that, to a large extent, resemble Murtaḍā’s known views. Nevertheless, the treatise also betrays features incompatible with Murtaḍā’s theology as a whole, in addition to stylistic and bibliographical questions that make a good case against the work’s authenticity. This wrong ascription, however, has not been noted despite the repeated editions of the text in the Islamic world. As such, it misrepresented many of Murtaḍā’s views, sometimes undermining the main pillars of his theological system. The author of the treatise establishes his ethical concepts on the basis of scriptural dictates before proceeding to rational arguments, relies on non-multi-attested reports, defers to the authority of the Prophet’s companions and culls God’s names and attributes from the word of revelation. While going against Murtaḍā’s positions, these views – put together – are considerably closer to non-Imāmī doctrines, and could have easily been the work of a Muʿtazilī author.

Abstract

This article deals with a theological treatise that has been wrongly ascribed to the Imāmī scholar al-Sharīf al-Murtaḍā (d. 436/1044). The treatise discusses the question of human agency in relation to divine decree and determining, arguing for positions that, to a large extent, resemble Murtaḍā’s known views. Nevertheless, the treatise also betrays features incompatible with Murtaḍā’s theology as a whole, in addition to stylistic and bibliographical questions that make a good case against the work’s authenticity. This wrong ascription, however, has not been noted despite the repeated editions of the text in the Islamic world. As such, it misrepresented many of Murtaḍā’s views, sometimes undermining the main pillars of his theological system. The author of the treatise establishes his ethical concepts on the basis of scriptural dictates before proceeding to rational arguments, relies on non-multi-attested reports, defers to the authority of the Prophet’s companions and culls God’s names and attributes from the word of revelation. While going against Murtaḍā’s positions, these views – put together – are considerably closer to non-Imāmī doctrines, and could have easily been the work of a Muʿtazilī author.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:Journals > Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques > Archive > 68 (2014) > 2
Dewey Decimal Classification:Unspecified
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:03 Oct 2014 13:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:24
Publisher:Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft; Verlag Peter Lang AG
ISSN:0004-4717
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/asia-2014-0035

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