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Copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of mono- and tri-linked azacrown macrocycles: Synthesis, characterization, X-ray structure, phosphodiester hydrolysis and DNA cleavage


Khoramdareh, Zahra Kalantari; Hosseini-Yazdi, Seyed Abolfazl; Spingler, Bernhard; Khandar, Ali Akbar (2014). Copper(II) and zinc(II) complexes of mono- and tri-linked azacrown macrocycles: Synthesis, characterization, X-ray structure, phosphodiester hydrolysis and DNA cleavage. Inorganica Chimica Acta, 415:7-13.

Abstract

A new tri-linked azacrown macrocycle (L2) was synthesized from mono macrocycle analogue (L1) by Williamson etherification and characterized by FT-IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, DEPT C-13 NMR, MS, and elemental analysis. The reaction of copper(II) and zinc(II) salts yielded corresponding complexes and formulated as CuL1Cl(2) (1), CuL1(NO3)(2).3H(2)O (2), Cu(2)L2(NO3)(4.)4H(2)O (3), ZnL1(OAc)(2) (4) and Zn(3)L2(OAc)(6).3H(2)O (5). Mono and trinuclear zinc(II) complexes 4 and 5, respectively, have been tested as catalysts for hydrolysis of 2-hydroxylpropyl-4-nitrophenyl phosphate (HNPP). At pH 8.5 the mononuclear complex 4 was found to be inactive. In contrast, trinuclear complex 5 was hydrolyzing phosphodiester and the reaction was up to 35-fold faster than the unpromoted reaction. Mono and dinuclear copper(II) complexes 2 and 3 cleave plasmid pG2 DNA by using an oxidative mechanism under aerobic conditions. Dinuclear copper(II) complex 3 showed a much higher cleavage efficiency than its mononuclear analogue 2 at the same Cu2+ concentration. The X-ray structure of 1 is reported. In this complex, the Cu(II) is bound by three amine nitrogens from the macrocyclic ligand L1 and two chloride anions as distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry.

Abstract

A new tri-linked azacrown macrocycle (L2) was synthesized from mono macrocycle analogue (L1) by Williamson etherification and characterized by FT-IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, DEPT C-13 NMR, MS, and elemental analysis. The reaction of copper(II) and zinc(II) salts yielded corresponding complexes and formulated as CuL1Cl(2) (1), CuL1(NO3)(2).3H(2)O (2), Cu(2)L2(NO3)(4.)4H(2)O (3), ZnL1(OAc)(2) (4) and Zn(3)L2(OAc)(6).3H(2)O (5). Mono and trinuclear zinc(II) complexes 4 and 5, respectively, have been tested as catalysts for hydrolysis of 2-hydroxylpropyl-4-nitrophenyl phosphate (HNPP). At pH 8.5 the mononuclear complex 4 was found to be inactive. In contrast, trinuclear complex 5 was hydrolyzing phosphodiester and the reaction was up to 35-fold faster than the unpromoted reaction. Mono and dinuclear copper(II) complexes 2 and 3 cleave plasmid pG2 DNA by using an oxidative mechanism under aerobic conditions. Dinuclear copper(II) complex 3 showed a much higher cleavage efficiency than its mononuclear analogue 2 at the same Cu2+ concentration. The X-ray structure of 1 is reported. In this complex, the Cu(II) is bound by three amine nitrogens from the macrocyclic ligand L1 and two chloride anions as distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:May 2014
Deposited On:24 Oct 2014 17:18
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 07:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0020-1693
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ica.2014.02.022

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