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Effect of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on tissue integration of cross-linked and non-cross-linked collagen matrices in a rat ectopic model


Thoma, Daniel S; Nänni, Nadja; Benic, Goran I; Weber, Franz E; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Jung, Ronald E (2015). Effect of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on tissue integration of cross-linked and non-cross-linked collagen matrices in a rat ectopic model. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 26(3):263-270.

Abstract

AIM: To test whether or not the network structure and the addition of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) to a chemically cross-linked collagen matrix (CCM)- and a non-cross-linked collagen matrix (NCCM)-influenced tissue integration, angiogenesis, and matrix degradation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four treatment modalities were randomly assigned to four unconnected pouches in the back of 50 rats: (i) CCM-S (soaked in saline), (ii) CCM-P (plus rhPDGF-BB), (iii) NCCM-S (soaked in saline), and (iv) NCCM-P (plus rhPDGF-BB). The animals were sacrificed at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks. Descriptive histology and histomorphometric assessments were performed thereby evaluating matrix thickness, the number of vessels (angiogenesis), and connective tissue formation. Means and standard deviations were calculated. Robust linear mixed modeling was used to test the effect of group (NCCM vs CCM), rhPDGF-BB, and time point of sacrifice (2, 4, and 8 weeks).
RESULTS: The thickness of NCCM groups revealed stability (range 440-570 μm) over 8 weeks, while the matrices were no longer present at 16 and 24 weeks. CCM matrices demonstrated a maximal thickness at 2 weeks (2689 ± 187 μm for CCM-S and 2693 ± 389 μm for CCM-P), a decrease of roughly 40% at 8 weeks, but were still present at 16 and 24 weeks. Vascularization of NCCM gradually increased over time with a peak (mean 17.0; SD 1.7) for NCCM-S and NCCM-P (22.0 ± 34.8) at 8 weeks. Angiogenesis in CCM was significantly more pronounced at early time points with a peak at 2 weeks (29.3 ± 16.8 for CCM-S and 30.3 ± 18.4 for CCM-P). No statistically significant effect of rhPDGF-BB was observed for any of the evaluated parameters (all P > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The compact layer (in NCCM) delayed angiogenesis and connective tissue formation, while the spongeous cross-linked matrix of CCM facilitated early vascularization and demonstrated network presence over a longer time span.

Abstract

AIM: To test whether or not the network structure and the addition of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) to a chemically cross-linked collagen matrix (CCM)- and a non-cross-linked collagen matrix (NCCM)-influenced tissue integration, angiogenesis, and matrix degradation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four treatment modalities were randomly assigned to four unconnected pouches in the back of 50 rats: (i) CCM-S (soaked in saline), (ii) CCM-P (plus rhPDGF-BB), (iii) NCCM-S (soaked in saline), and (iv) NCCM-P (plus rhPDGF-BB). The animals were sacrificed at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks. Descriptive histology and histomorphometric assessments were performed thereby evaluating matrix thickness, the number of vessels (angiogenesis), and connective tissue formation. Means and standard deviations were calculated. Robust linear mixed modeling was used to test the effect of group (NCCM vs CCM), rhPDGF-BB, and time point of sacrifice (2, 4, and 8 weeks).
RESULTS: The thickness of NCCM groups revealed stability (range 440-570 μm) over 8 weeks, while the matrices were no longer present at 16 and 24 weeks. CCM matrices demonstrated a maximal thickness at 2 weeks (2689 ± 187 μm for CCM-S and 2693 ± 389 μm for CCM-P), a decrease of roughly 40% at 8 weeks, but were still present at 16 and 24 weeks. Vascularization of NCCM gradually increased over time with a peak (mean 17.0; SD 1.7) for NCCM-S and NCCM-P (22.0 ± 34.8) at 8 weeks. Angiogenesis in CCM was significantly more pronounced at early time points with a peak at 2 weeks (29.3 ± 16.8 for CCM-S and 30.3 ± 18.4 for CCM-P). No statistically significant effect of rhPDGF-BB was observed for any of the evaluated parameters (all P > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The compact layer (in NCCM) delayed angiogenesis and connective tissue formation, while the spongeous cross-linked matrix of CCM facilitated early vascularization and demonstrated network presence over a longer time span.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:27 Oct 2014 12:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:26
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12496
PubMed ID:25267409

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