Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Prevention of dentine erosion by brushing with anti-erosive toothpastes


Aykut-Yetkiner, Arzu; Attin, Thomas; Wiegand, Annette (2014). Prevention of dentine erosion by brushing with anti-erosive toothpastes. Journal of Dentistry, 42(7):856-861.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE This in vitro study aimed to investigate the preventive effect of brushing with anti-erosive toothpastes compared to a conventional fluoride toothpaste on dentine erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bovine dentine specimens (n=12 per subgroup) were eroded in an artificial mouth (6 days, 6×30 s/day) using either citric acid (pH:2.5) or a hydrochloric acid/pepsin solution (pH:1.6), simulating extrinsic or intrinsic erosive conditions, respectively. In between, the specimens were rinsed with artificial saliva. Twice daily, the specimens were brushed for 15 s in an automatic brushing machine at 2.5 N with a conventional fluoride toothpaste slurry (elmex, AmF) or toothpaste slurries with anti-erosive formulations: Apacare (NaF/1% nHAP), Biorepair (ZnCO3-HAP), Chitodent (Chitosan), elmex Erosionsschutz (NaF/AmF/SnCl2/Chitosan), mirasensitive hap (NaF/30% HAP), Sensodyne Proschmelz (NaF/KNO3). Unbrushed specimens served as control. Dentine loss was measured profilometrically and statistically analysed using two-way and one-way ANOVA followed by Scheffe's post hoc tests. RDA-values of all toothpastes were determined, and linear mixed models were applied to analyse the influence of toothpaste abrasivity on dentine wear (p<0.05). RESULTS Dentine erosion of unbrushed specimens amounted to 5.1±1.0 μm (extrinsic conditions) and 12.9±1.4 μm (intrinsic conditions). All toothpastes significantly reduced dentine erosion by 24-67% (extrinsic conditions) and 21-40% (intrinsic conditions). Biorepair was least effective, while all other toothpastes were not significantly different from each other. Linear mixed models did not show a significant effect of the RDA-value of the respective toothpaste on dentine loss. CONCLUSION Toothpastes with anti-erosive formulations reduced dentine erosion, especially under simulated extrinsic erosive conditions, but were not superior to a conventional fluoride toothpaste.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE This in vitro study aimed to investigate the preventive effect of brushing with anti-erosive toothpastes compared to a conventional fluoride toothpaste on dentine erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bovine dentine specimens (n=12 per subgroup) were eroded in an artificial mouth (6 days, 6×30 s/day) using either citric acid (pH:2.5) or a hydrochloric acid/pepsin solution (pH:1.6), simulating extrinsic or intrinsic erosive conditions, respectively. In between, the specimens were rinsed with artificial saliva. Twice daily, the specimens were brushed for 15 s in an automatic brushing machine at 2.5 N with a conventional fluoride toothpaste slurry (elmex, AmF) or toothpaste slurries with anti-erosive formulations: Apacare (NaF/1% nHAP), Biorepair (ZnCO3-HAP), Chitodent (Chitosan), elmex Erosionsschutz (NaF/AmF/SnCl2/Chitosan), mirasensitive hap (NaF/30% HAP), Sensodyne Proschmelz (NaF/KNO3). Unbrushed specimens served as control. Dentine loss was measured profilometrically and statistically analysed using two-way and one-way ANOVA followed by Scheffe's post hoc tests. RDA-values of all toothpastes were determined, and linear mixed models were applied to analyse the influence of toothpaste abrasivity on dentine wear (p<0.05). RESULTS Dentine erosion of unbrushed specimens amounted to 5.1±1.0 μm (extrinsic conditions) and 12.9±1.4 μm (intrinsic conditions). All toothpastes significantly reduced dentine erosion by 24-67% (extrinsic conditions) and 21-40% (intrinsic conditions). Biorepair was least effective, while all other toothpastes were not significantly different from each other. Linear mixed models did not show a significant effect of the RDA-value of the respective toothpaste on dentine loss. CONCLUSION Toothpastes with anti-erosive formulations reduced dentine erosion, especially under simulated extrinsic erosive conditions, but were not superior to a conventional fluoride toothpaste.

Statistics

Citations

8 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

140 downloads since deposited on 29 Oct 2014
62 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:29 Oct 2014 13:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 18:26
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0300-5712
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2014.03.011
PubMed ID:24704085

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 183kB
View at publisher