Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Probing the activity modification space of the cysteine peptidase cathepsin K with novel allosteric modifiers


Novinec, Marko; Lenarčič, Brigita; Baici, Antonio (2014). Probing the activity modification space of the cysteine peptidase cathepsin K with novel allosteric modifiers. PLoS ONE, 9(9):e106642.

Abstract

Targeting allosteric sites is gaining increasing recognition as a strategy for modulating the activity of enzymes, especially in drug design. Here we investigate the mechanisms of allosteric regulation of cathepsin K as a representative of cysteine cathepsins and a promising drug target for the treatment of osteoporosis. Eight novel modifiers are identified by computational targeting of predicted allosteric sites on the surface of the enzyme. All act via hyperbolic kinetic mechanisms in presence of low molecular mass substrates, as expected for allosteric effectors. Two compounds have sizable effects on enzyme activity using interstitial collagen as a natural substrate of cathepsin K and four compounds show a significantly stabilizing effect on cathepsin K. The concept of activity modification space is introduced to obtain a global perspective of the effects elicited by the modifiers. Analysis of the activity modification space reveals that the activity of cathepsin K is regulated via multiple, different allosteric mechanisms.

Abstract

Targeting allosteric sites is gaining increasing recognition as a strategy for modulating the activity of enzymes, especially in drug design. Here we investigate the mechanisms of allosteric regulation of cathepsin K as a representative of cysteine cathepsins and a promising drug target for the treatment of osteoporosis. Eight novel modifiers are identified by computational targeting of predicted allosteric sites on the surface of the enzyme. All act via hyperbolic kinetic mechanisms in presence of low molecular mass substrates, as expected for allosteric effectors. Two compounds have sizable effects on enzyme activity using interstitial collagen as a natural substrate of cathepsin K and four compounds show a significantly stabilizing effect on cathepsin K. The concept of activity modification space is introduced to obtain a global perspective of the effects elicited by the modifiers. Analysis of the activity modification space reveals that the activity of cathepsin K is regulated via multiple, different allosteric mechanisms.

Statistics

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

18 downloads since deposited on 24 Oct 2014
9 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:24 Oct 2014 13:31
Last Modified:06 Aug 2017 04:26
Publisher:Public Library of Science (PLoS)
ISSN:1932-6203
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0106642
PubMed ID:25184245

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations