Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The third gender of Old Italian


Loporcaro, Michele; Faraoni, Vincenzo; Gardani, Francesco (2014). The third gender of Old Italian. Diachronica, 31(1):1-22.

Abstract

We demonstrate that Old Italian had a three-gender system within which the neuter still qualified as a fully fledged gender value. To substantiate this claim, we adduce evidence showing that (a) Old Italian had three distinct sets of controllers, each of which selected a separate agreement pattern; (b) to each one of those three controller sets, including the neuter, nouns were assigned belonging to different productive inflectional classes and (c) the neuter still selected at least one dedicated agreement formative, thereby still displaying traces of its original status as a target gender. This novel evidence from Old Italian squares well with what is known about past stages of other Romance varieties. Also, we briefly address the consequences of our results both for a reconstruction of the Latin-Romance transition and, more broadly, for the theoretical and methodological approach to the study of the diachronic development of gender systems.

Abstract

We demonstrate that Old Italian had a three-gender system within which the neuter still qualified as a fully fledged gender value. To substantiate this claim, we adduce evidence showing that (a) Old Italian had three distinct sets of controllers, each of which selected a separate agreement pattern; (b) to each one of those three controller sets, including the neuter, nouns were assigned belonging to different productive inflectional classes and (c) the neuter still selected at least one dedicated agreement formative, thereby still displaying traces of its original status as a target gender. This novel evidence from Old Italian squares well with what is known about past stages of other Romance varieties. Also, we briefly address the consequences of our results both for a reconstruction of the Latin-Romance transition and, more broadly, for the theoretical and methodological approach to the study of the diachronic development of gender systems.

Statistics

Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

182 downloads since deposited on 29 Oct 2014
119 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Romance Studies
08 University Research Priority Programs > Language and Space
Dewey Decimal Classification:800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism
470 Latin & Italic languages
410 Linguistics
440 French & related languages
460 Spanish & Portuguese languages
450 Italian, Romanian & related languages
Uncontrolled Keywords:agreement, inflectional class, target vs. controller gender, neuter, productivity, Romance diachronic morphology
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:29 Oct 2014 18:41
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 07:43
Publisher:John Benjamins Publishing
ISSN:0176-4225
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1075/dia.31.1.01gar

Download

Download PDF  'The third gender of Old Italian'.
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 220kB
View at publisher