BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest total hip arthroplasty may have some benefits compared to hemi-arthroplasty for displaced intracapsular femoral neck fractures in patients more than 60 years of age. The primary research question of our study was whether in-hospital adverse events, post-operative length of stay (LOS) and mortality in patients 60 year of age or older differed between total hip and hemi-arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture.
METHODS: We obtained data on 82951 patients more than 60 years of age with an isolated femoral neck fracture treated with either hemi-arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty in 2009 or 2010 from the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) database. The International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9, CM) was used to code diagnoses, comorbidities, complications, and procedures.
RESULTS: Controlling for demographics and comorbidities, patients treated with hemi-arthroplasty had a 40% (95% CI 1.4-1.5) higher risk of adverse events compared to patients treated with a total hip arthroplasty. Length of stay and in-hospital mortality did not differ between these groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The observed advantage for total hip arthroplasty might reflect greater infirmity in hemi-arthroplasty patients that was not accounted for by ICD-9 codes alone.