BACKGROUND/AIM: Reliable prognostic factors for the outcome of patients with osteosarcoma (OS) remain elusive. We analyzed the relationship between immunohistochemical expression of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mismatch repair (MMR) proteins, MutS protein homolog 2 (MSH2) and MSH6 using a tissue microarray (TMA) with respect to OS patient demographics and survival time.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrieved tumor tissue specimens from bone tissue originating from surgical primary tumor specimens of OS patients to generate a TMA and stained sections with antibodies against MSH2 and MSH6.
RESULTS: Tumor resections of 67 patients with a mean follow-up of 98 months were evaluated. MSH2 was expressed in nine (13%), MSH6 in ten (15%) and combined MSH2 and MSH6 (MSH2/6) in six (9%) patients. Significantly shorter survival times were associated with expression of MSH6, MSH2/6, as well as simultaneous non-response to chemotherapy and presence of metastasis.
CONCLUSION: The survival time of patients with OS may be predicted by local expression of MSH6 and MSH2/6 in surgical primary tumor resections. This study shows the prognostic value of the local expression of DNA MMR proteins, as markers for poor prognosis of OS patients.