The analysis of the competitive environment – monopoly, oligopoly or many competitors –in which international organizations act, has been neglected in scholarly
research. Both this external and the internal type of competition in international organizations are rather weak and performance is far from ideal. To strengthen both
types of competition, several tentative proposals are advanced. They range from the introduction of an international competition agency, the use of prediction markets, matching contributions, to the employment of elements of direct democracy via randomly elected trustees. These proposals are put forward to stimulate discussion
and to advance new ideas about the design of international organizations.