A powerful method for the synthesis of 2-oxazolines from silyl-protected β-hydroxyamides is reported. Using diethylaminosulfur trifluoride (DAST) or its tetrafluoroborate salt (XtalFluor-E), silyl-protected β-amidoalcohols can be in situ deprotected and dehydrated to give 2-oxazolines in good yields. The utility of this approach was demonstrated by preparing the first reported oligomer of [2,4′]-coupled 2-oxazoline units. By tuning the stability of the silyl protecting groups (ex. IPDMS < TES < TBS, etc.), the deprotection rate can be optimized so that all reaction intermediates remain soluble, allowing cyclodehydration to occur at all potential sites of ring closure. N-Terminal Ser residues containing an Fmoc carbamate are converted into 2-(9′-fluorenylmethyloxy)-2-oxazoline in high yield, thereby providing a new pathway for the synthesis of peptides capped with an N-terminal 2-alkoxy-2-oxazoline or 2-oxazolidinone unit.