Tail biopsies are routinely taken to genotype genetically modified mice. However, the effect of this procedure on the wellbeing of the animals has rarely been investigated. Thus, it has not yet been clearly demonstrated to what extent the mice suffer from tail biopsy (TB) and for how long. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of a single TB on the physiological and behavioural parameters of adult mice and to investigate whether or not anaesthesia can be beneficial. Body weight (BW) curves, daily food/water consumption and telemetric measurements of heart rate, body core temperature, and locomotor activity were recorded for three days following TB, both with and without anaesthesia with methoxyflurane (MOF) or diethylether (ether). Additionally, the impact of anaesthesia alone was characterized. TB without anaesthesia induced an increase in heart rate and locomotor activity for 1 h. Body core temperature was elevated for 2 h. In contrast, heart rate was increased for up to 4 h after anaesthesia. Body core temperature remained altered for up to 20 h after exposure to ether and for 44 h after exposure to MOF. BW was slightly reduced after MOF. Cases of death occurred exclusively under ether at a rate of 7%. Our results indicate a short-lived impact of a TB, whereas anaesthesia with either MOF or ether induced remarkable alterations in the parameters analysed. In conclusion, these types of anaesthesia did not improve mouse wellbeing following tail biopsy.