BACKGROUND: Neuronavigation is an essential tool in cranial neurosurgery. Despite continuing improvements in the technologies used for neuronavigation, certain events can lead to unacceptable mismatches. To provide the best possible outcome for the patients, surgeons need to do everything possible to reduce mismatches.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Some simple techniques can greatly improve neuronavigation accuracy and patient safety. We describe two simple methods that were developed or refined in the Department of Neurosurgery at Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland: the transdermal navigation landmark and use of bone screws for co-registration.
CONCLUSIONS: Both techniques are easy to use, do not require expensive additional instruments, and are helpful in procedures involving neuronavigation.