This paper discusses problems with labelling plant structures in the context of attempts to create a unified Plant Structure Special attention is given to structures with mixed, or doubtful identities that are difficult or even impossible to with a single term. In various vascular plants (and some groups of animals) the structural categories for the description forms are less distinct than is often supposed. Thus, there are morphological misfits that do not fit exactly into one the other category and to which it is difficult, or even impossible, to apply a categorical name. After presenting three studies of intermediate organs and organs whose identity is in doubt, we review five approaches to categorizing organs, and evaluate the potential of each to serve as a general reference system for gene annotations. The five are (1) standardized vocabularies, (2) labels based on developmental genetics, (3) continuum morphology, process morphology, (5) character cladograms. While all of these approaches have important domains of applicability,
we conclude that process morphology is the one most suited to gene annotation.