AIM: This study aimed to evaluate maternal and fetal outcomes after uterine fundal pressure (UFP) in spontaneous and assisted vaginal deliveries.
METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, 9743 singleton term deliveries with cephalic presentation were analyzed from 2004 to 2013. Spontaneous and assisted vaginal deliveries were analyzed separately with and without the application of UFP. Odds ratios were adjusted in a multivariate logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: Prevalence of UFP was 8.9% in spontaneous and 12.1% in assisted vaginal deliveries. UFP was associated with a higher incidence of shoulder dystocia in both spontaneous (adjusted odds ratio [adj. OR] 2.44, confidence interval [CI] 95% 1.23-4.84) and assisted vaginal deliveries (adj. OR 6.88 CI 95% 3.50-13.53). Fetal acidosis (arterial umbilical pH<7.2) was seen more often after the application of UFP in spontaneous vaginal deliveries (adj. OR 3.18, CI 95% 2.64-3.82) and assisted vaginal deliveries (adj. OR 1.59 CI 95% 1.17-2.16). The incidence of 5'-Apgar<7 (adj. OR 2.19 CI 95% 1.04-4.6) and 10'-Apgar<7 (adj. OR 3.04 CI 95% 1.17-7.88) was also increased after the application of UFP in spontaneous deliveries. A higher incidence of anal sphincter tears (AST) (adj. OR 46.25 CI 95% 11.78-181.6) in the UFP group of spontaneous deliveries was observed.
CONCLUSIONS: UFP is associated with increased occurrence of shoulder dystocia and fetal acidosis. In spontaneous deliveries, the risk for lower Apgar scores after 5 and 10 min is increased, as well as the risk for AST.