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cis- and trans-1,2-diphenylaziridines: induction of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium


Glatt, H R; Robertson, L W; Arand, M; Rauch, P; Schramm, H; Setiabudi, F; Pöchlauer, P; Müller, E P; Oesch, F (1986). cis- and trans-1,2-diphenylaziridines: induction of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium. Archives of toxicology, 59(4):242-248.

Abstract

trans-Stilbene imine (trans-1,2-diphenylaziridine) is the nitrogen analog of trans-stilbene oxide, a potent inducer of several microsomal and cytosolic xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Although the acute toxicity of cis- and trans-stilbene imines prevents their application at the usual dose for trans-stilbene oxide (400 mg/kg/day), it is apparent that the imines nevertheless potently induce several xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. The IP administration of trans-stilbene imine resulted in statistically significant increases in the activities of aminopyrine N-demethylase, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene and delta 5-androstene-3,17-dione) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone). cis-Stilbene imine was less potent in inducing these activities. Although trans-stilbene imine (total dose = 400 mg/kg) was more potent than trans-stilbene oxide (total dose = 1200 mg/kg) in inducing the activities of glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone), both compounds belong to the class of substances which are more potent inducers of conjugating (phase II) enzymes. Because of their structural similarity with K-region arene imines which are potent mutagens, cis-stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were investigated for mutagenicity (reversion of his- strains of Salmonella typhimurium). cis-Stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were direct mutagens in the strain TA100. This result, and the finding that acenaphthene 1,2-imine efficiently reverts various strains of Salmonella typhimurium, demonstrates that not only K-region arene imines, but also other aziridines substituted at the two carbons with aromatic moieties, are mutagenic.

Abstract

trans-Stilbene imine (trans-1,2-diphenylaziridine) is the nitrogen analog of trans-stilbene oxide, a potent inducer of several microsomal and cytosolic xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes. Although the acute toxicity of cis- and trans-stilbene imines prevents their application at the usual dose for trans-stilbene oxide (400 mg/kg/day), it is apparent that the imines nevertheless potently induce several xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver. The IP administration of trans-stilbene imine resulted in statistically significant increases in the activities of aminopyrine N-demethylase, microsomal epoxide hydrolase, glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene, 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene and delta 5-androstene-3,17-dione) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone). cis-Stilbene imine was less potent in inducing these activities. Although trans-stilbene imine (total dose = 400 mg/kg) was more potent than trans-stilbene oxide (total dose = 1200 mg/kg) in inducing the activities of glutathione transferase (toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (toward testosterone), both compounds belong to the class of substances which are more potent inducers of conjugating (phase II) enzymes. Because of their structural similarity with K-region arene imines which are potent mutagens, cis-stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were investigated for mutagenicity (reversion of his- strains of Salmonella typhimurium). cis-Stilbene imine and trans-stilbene imine were direct mutagens in the strain TA100. This result, and the finding that acenaphthene 1,2-imine efficiently reverts various strains of Salmonella typhimurium, demonstrates that not only K-region arene imines, but also other aziridines substituted at the two carbons with aromatic moieties, are mutagenic.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Toxicology, Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:December 1986
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 11:29
Last Modified:18 Aug 2018 23:01
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-5761
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00290545
PubMed ID:3548649

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