BACKGROUND Implementation of guidelines and assessment of their adaptation is not an extensively investigated process in the field of rare diseases. However, whether targeted recipients are reached and willing and able to follow the recommendations has significant impact on the efficacy of guidelines. In 2012, a guideline for the management of urea cycle disorders (UCDs) has been published. We evaluate the efficacy of implementation, adaptation, and use of the UCD guidelines by applying different strategies. METHODS (i) Download statistics from online sources were recorded. (ii) Facilities relevant for the implementation of the guidelines were assessed in pediatric units in Germany and Austria. (iii) The guidelines were evaluated by targeted recipients using the AGREE instrument. (iv) A regional networking-based implementation process was evaluated. RESULTS (i) Download statistics revealed high access with an increase in downloads over time. (ii) In 18% of hospitals ammonia testing was not available 24/7, and emergency drugs were often not available. (iii) Recipient criticism expressed in the AGREE instrument focused on incomplete inclusion of patients' perspectives. (iv) The implementation process improved the availability of ammonia measurements and access to emergency medication, patient care processes, and cooperation between nonspecialists and specialists. CONCLUSION Interest in the UCD guidelines is high and sustained, but more precise targeting of the guidelines is advisable. Surprisingly, many hospitals do not possess all facilities necessary to apply the guidelines. Regional network and awareness campaigns result in the improvement of both facilities and knowledge.