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Genome-wide identification of CBX2 targets: insights in the human sex development network


Eid, Wassim; Opitz, Lennart; Biason-Lauber, Anna (2015). Genome-wide identification of CBX2 targets: insights in the human sex development network. Molecular Endocrinology, 29(2):247-257.

Abstract

Chromobox homolog 2 (CBX2) is a chromatin modifier that plays an important role in sexual development and its disorders (disorders of sex development [DSD]), yet the exact rank and function of human CBX2 in this pathway remains unclear. Here, we performed large-scale mapping and analysis of in vivo target loci of the protein CBX2 in Sertoli-like NT-2D1 cells, using the DNA adenine methyltransferase identification technique. We identified close to 1600 direct targets for CBX2. Intriguingly, validation of selected candidate genes using qRT-PCR in cells overexpressing CBX2 or in which CBX2 has been knocked down indicated that several CBX2-responsive genes encode proteins that are involved in DSD. We further validated these effects on the candidate genes using a mutated CBX2 causing DSD in human patient. Overall, our findings suggest that CBX2 role in the sex development cascade is to stimulate the male pathway and concurrently inhibit the female pathway. These data provide fundamental insights into potential etiology of DSD.

Abstract

Chromobox homolog 2 (CBX2) is a chromatin modifier that plays an important role in sexual development and its disorders (disorders of sex development [DSD]), yet the exact rank and function of human CBX2 in this pathway remains unclear. Here, we performed large-scale mapping and analysis of in vivo target loci of the protein CBX2 in Sertoli-like NT-2D1 cells, using the DNA adenine methyltransferase identification technique. We identified close to 1600 direct targets for CBX2. Intriguingly, validation of selected candidate genes using qRT-PCR in cells overexpressing CBX2 or in which CBX2 has been knocked down indicated that several CBX2-responsive genes encode proteins that are involved in DSD. We further validated these effects on the candidate genes using a mutated CBX2 causing DSD in human patient. Overall, our findings suggest that CBX2 role in the sex development cascade is to stimulate the male pathway and concurrently inhibit the female pathway. These data provide fundamental insights into potential etiology of DSD.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2015
Deposited On:05 Feb 2016 12:42
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 10:54
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0888-8809
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1210/me.2014-1339
PubMed ID:25569159

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