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A comparative study of g-quadruplex unfolding and DNA reeling activities of human RECQ5 helicase


Budhathoki, Jagat B; Maleki, Parastoo; Roy, William A; Janscak, Pavel; Yodh, Jaya G; Balci, Hamza (2016). A comparative study of g-quadruplex unfolding and DNA reeling activities of human RECQ5 helicase. Biophysical Journal, 110(12):2585-2596.

Abstract

RECQ5 is one of five members of the RecQ family of helicases in humans, which include RECQ1, Bloom (BLM), Werner (WRN), RECQ4, and RECQ5. Both WRN and BLM have been shown to resolve G-quadruplex (GQ) structures. Deficiencies in unfolding GQ are known to result in DNA breaks and genomic instability, which are prominent in Werner and Bloom syndromes. RECQ5 is significant in suppressing sister chromatid exchanges during homologous recombination but its GQ unfolding activity are not known. We performed single-molecule studies under different salt (50-150 mM KCl or NaCl) and ATP concentrations on different GQ constructs including human telomeric GQ (with different overhangs and polarities) and GQ formed by thrombin-binding aptamer to investigate this activity. These studies demonstrated a RECQ5-mediated GQ unfolding activity that was an order of magnitude weaker than BLM and WRN. On the other hand, BLM and RECQ5 demonstrated similar single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) reeling activities that were not coupled to GQ unfolding. These results demonstrate overlap in function between these RecQ helicases; however, the relatively weak GQ destabilization activity of RECQ5 compared to BLM and WRN suggests that RECQ5 is not primarily associated with GQ destabilization, but could substitute for the more efficient helicases under conditions where their activity is compromised. In addition, these results implicate a more general role for helicase-promoted ssDNA reeling activity such as removal of proteins at the replication fork, whereas the association of ssDNA reeling with GQ destabilization is more helicase-specific.

Abstract

RECQ5 is one of five members of the RecQ family of helicases in humans, which include RECQ1, Bloom (BLM), Werner (WRN), RECQ4, and RECQ5. Both WRN and BLM have been shown to resolve G-quadruplex (GQ) structures. Deficiencies in unfolding GQ are known to result in DNA breaks and genomic instability, which are prominent in Werner and Bloom syndromes. RECQ5 is significant in suppressing sister chromatid exchanges during homologous recombination but its GQ unfolding activity are not known. We performed single-molecule studies under different salt (50-150 mM KCl or NaCl) and ATP concentrations on different GQ constructs including human telomeric GQ (with different overhangs and polarities) and GQ formed by thrombin-binding aptamer to investigate this activity. These studies demonstrated a RECQ5-mediated GQ unfolding activity that was an order of magnitude weaker than BLM and WRN. On the other hand, BLM and RECQ5 demonstrated similar single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) reeling activities that were not coupled to GQ unfolding. These results demonstrate overlap in function between these RecQ helicases; however, the relatively weak GQ destabilization activity of RECQ5 compared to BLM and WRN suggests that RECQ5 is not primarily associated with GQ destabilization, but could substitute for the more efficient helicases under conditions where their activity is compromised. In addition, these results implicate a more general role for helicase-promoted ssDNA reeling activity such as removal of proteins at the replication fork, whereas the association of ssDNA reeling with GQ destabilization is more helicase-specific.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 June 2016
Deposited On:04 Aug 2016 07:29
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 03:47
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3495
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2016.05.016
PubMed ID:27332117
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID31003A_146206
  • : Project TitleRole of RECQ5 DNA Helicase in Maintenence of Genomic Stability

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