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Flow cytometry and effusions in lymphoproliferative processes and other hematologic neoplasias


Bode-Lesniewska, Beata (2016). Flow cytometry and effusions in lymphoproliferative processes and other hematologic neoplasias. Acta Cytologica, 60(4):354-364.

Abstract

Cytopathologists are regularly confronted with lymphocyte-rich effusions, and the definite decision of whether the lymphocytosis is of a purely reactive nature or a presentation of an indolent lymphoma may be an extremely difficult one based on microscopy alone. Flow cytometry (FC) offers many advantages in terms of its application in body cavity fluids, and it has proven to be very useful both in the setting of a known disease and for new lymphoma diagnoses. In this paper, the studies published in recent years dealing with the applications of FC in body cavity effusions in the context of hematologic neoplasia are reviewed, stressing the integrative diagnostic approach. The incorporation of microscopical, immunophenotypical, and molecular findings from examinations of the cellular content of effusions and the interpretation of results in relation to the current WHO classification of hematolymphoid malignancies give cytopathologists new perspectives on advanced and clinically highly relevant diagnostics.

Abstract

Cytopathologists are regularly confronted with lymphocyte-rich effusions, and the definite decision of whether the lymphocytosis is of a purely reactive nature or a presentation of an indolent lymphoma may be an extremely difficult one based on microscopy alone. Flow cytometry (FC) offers many advantages in terms of its application in body cavity fluids, and it has proven to be very useful both in the setting of a known disease and for new lymphoma diagnoses. In this paper, the studies published in recent years dealing with the applications of FC in body cavity effusions in the context of hematologic neoplasia are reviewed, stressing the integrative diagnostic approach. The incorporation of microscopical, immunophenotypical, and molecular findings from examinations of the cellular content of effusions and the interpretation of results in relation to the current WHO classification of hematolymphoid malignancies give cytopathologists new perspectives on advanced and clinically highly relevant diagnostics.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Health Sciences > Histology
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:24 Oct 2016 10:51
Last Modified:15 May 2024 03:34
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:0001-5547
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000448325
PubMed ID:27578145
  • Content: Published Version