Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Decision-making on an explicit risk-taking task in preadolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder


Drechsler, R; Rizzo, P; Steinhausen, H C (2008). Decision-making on an explicit risk-taking task in preadolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Neural Transmission, 115(2):201-209.

Abstract

Inappropriate risk-taking and disadvantageous decision-making have been described as major behavioural characteristics of patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However these behaviours are difficult to measure in laboratory contexts and recent studies have yielded inconsistent results which might be related to task characteristics. The present study adopted the Game of Dice Task, a test procedure in which risks are made explicit and the load on working memory is minimal. As a result, preadolescents with ADHD (N = 23) made significantly more risky choices and suffered major losses of money compared to normal controls (N = 24) but only when they played the game a second time. Differences in risk-taking correlated significantly with hyperactivity as rated by parents and with inhibitory control, but not with working memory performance. The results are discussed in the context of current theories of ADHD.

Abstract

Inappropriate risk-taking and disadvantageous decision-making have been described as major behavioural characteristics of patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However these behaviours are difficult to measure in laboratory contexts and recent studies have yielded inconsistent results which might be related to task characteristics. The present study adopted the Game of Dice Task, a test procedure in which risks are made explicit and the load on working memory is minimal. As a result, preadolescents with ADHD (N = 23) made significantly more risky choices and suffered major losses of money compared to normal controls (N = 24) but only when they played the game a second time. Differences in risk-taking correlated significantly with hyperactivity as rated by parents and with inhibitory control, but not with working memory performance. The results are discussed in the context of current theories of ADHD.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
70 citations in Web of Science®
72 citations in Scopus®
127 citations in Microsoft Academic
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 08 Feb 2009
2 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 September 2008
Deposited On:08 Feb 2009 17:24
Last Modified:23 Nov 2018 17:56
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0300-9564
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00702-007-0814-5
PubMed ID:17885724

Download

Download PDF  'Decision-making on an explicit risk-taking task in preadolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF (Nationallizenz 142-005)
Size: 144kB