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The Spatial Presence Experience Scale (SPES): a short self-report measure for diverse media settings


Hartmann, Tilo; Wirth, Werner; Schramm, Holger; Klimmt, Christoph; Vorderer, Peter; Gysbers, André; Böcking, Saskia; Ravaja, Niklas; Laarni, Jari; Saari, Timo; Gouveia, Feliz; Maria Sacau, Ana (2016). The Spatial Presence Experience Scale (SPES): a short self-report measure for diverse media settings. Journal of Media Psychology, 28:1-15.

Abstract

The study of spatial presence is currently receiving increased attention in both media psychology and communication research. The present paper introduces the Spatial Presence Experience Scale (SPES), a short eight-item self-report measure. The SPES is derived from a process model of spatial presence (Wirth et al., 2007, Media Psychology, 9, 493–525), and assesses spatial presence as a two-dimensional construct that comprises a user’s self-location and perceived possible actions in a media environment. The SPES is shorter than many other available spatial presence scales, and can be conveniently applied to diverse media settings. Two studies are reported (N1 = 290, N2 = 395) that confirm sound psychometric qualities for the SPES.

Abstract

The study of spatial presence is currently receiving increased attention in both media psychology and communication research. The present paper introduces the Spatial Presence Experience Scale (SPES), a short eight-item self-report measure. The SPES is derived from a process model of spatial presence (Wirth et al., 2007, Media Psychology, 9, 493–525), and assesses spatial presence as a two-dimensional construct that comprises a user’s self-location and perceived possible actions in a media environment. The SPES is shorter than many other available spatial presence scales, and can be conveniently applied to diverse media settings. Two studies are reported (N1 = 290, N2 = 395) that confirm sound psychometric qualities for the SPES.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:070 News media, journalism & publishing
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Communication
Social Sciences & Humanities > Applied Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Applied Psychology, Communication, Social Psychology
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:03 Feb 2017 13:41
Last Modified:16 Jul 2024 01:40
Publisher:Hogrefe & Huber
ISSN:1864-1105
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000137