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Effects of montelukast on subjective and objective outcome measures in preschool asthmatic children


Moeller, A; Lehmann, A; Knauer, N; Albisetti, M; Rochat, M; Johannes, W (2008). Effects of montelukast on subjective and objective outcome measures in preschool asthmatic children. Pediatric Pulmonology, 43(2):179-186.

Abstract

It is well accepted that control of airway inflammation is crucial for overall asthma control. Hence, efficient anti-inflammatory therapy is important for disease control. Therefore, we studied the effect of a treatment with montelukast on subjective and objective measures in preschool asthmatic children with insufficient control of airway inflammation, illustrated by increased fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). Thirty-one preschool children (2.5-5 years) were included in this study. Children with FeNO > or = 10 ppb at the first visit received montelukast 4 mg as a first line therapy or an add-on therapy to their baseline treatment (group 1). Therapy was not changed at first visit in children with FeNO < 10 ppb (group 2). Symptom scores, FeNO, lung function (forced oscillation, Rrs8Hz) and airway responsiveness to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) were assessed at visits 1 and 2 eight weeks apart. There was a significant decrease in FeNO (median [interquartile range]; 12.9 [3.7] vs. 7.6 [6.85] ppb, P = 0.011), Rrs8Hz (mean +/- SD; 10.03 +/- 3.1 vs. 8.72 +/- 2.43 hPa.s/L; P = 0.047) and symptom scores (2[2] vs. 1.5[2], P = 0.034) and a significant increase in the provocative AMP dose (2.65 +/- 2.1 vs. 4.54 +/- 1.05; P = 0.015) in group 1 but not in group 2. First line or add-on treatment of oral montelukast in preschool children with mild to moderate asthma and elevated FeNO, decreased levels of FeNO, improved airway responsiveness to AMP, lung function and symptom scores.

Abstract

It is well accepted that control of airway inflammation is crucial for overall asthma control. Hence, efficient anti-inflammatory therapy is important for disease control. Therefore, we studied the effect of a treatment with montelukast on subjective and objective measures in preschool asthmatic children with insufficient control of airway inflammation, illustrated by increased fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). Thirty-one preschool children (2.5-5 years) were included in this study. Children with FeNO > or = 10 ppb at the first visit received montelukast 4 mg as a first line therapy or an add-on therapy to their baseline treatment (group 1). Therapy was not changed at first visit in children with FeNO < 10 ppb (group 2). Symptom scores, FeNO, lung function (forced oscillation, Rrs8Hz) and airway responsiveness to adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) were assessed at visits 1 and 2 eight weeks apart. There was a significant decrease in FeNO (median [interquartile range]; 12.9 [3.7] vs. 7.6 [6.85] ppb, P = 0.011), Rrs8Hz (mean +/- SD; 10.03 +/- 3.1 vs. 8.72 +/- 2.43 hPa.s/L; P = 0.047) and symptom scores (2[2] vs. 1.5[2], P = 0.034) and a significant increase in the provocative AMP dose (2.65 +/- 2.1 vs. 4.54 +/- 1.05; P = 0.015) in group 1 but not in group 2. First line or add-on treatment of oral montelukast in preschool children with mild to moderate asthma and elevated FeNO, decreased levels of FeNO, improved airway responsiveness to AMP, lung function and symptom scores.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:24 Feb 2009 20:27
Last Modified:18 Feb 2018 10:50
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1099-0496
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20753
PubMed ID:18085698

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