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Artificial cell research as a field that connects chemical, biological and philosophical questions


Deplazes-Zemp, Anna (2016). Artificial cell research as a field that connects chemical, biological and philosophical questions. CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 70(6):443-448.

Abstract

This review article discusses the interdisciplinary nature and implications of artificial cell research. It starts from two historical theories: Gánti's chemoton model and the autopoiesis theory by Maturana and Varela. They both explain the transition from chemical molecules to biological cells. These models exemplify two different ways in which disciplines of chemistry, biology and philosophy can profit from each other. In the chemoton model, conclusions from one disciplinary approach are relevant for the other disciplines. In contrast, the autopoiesis model itself (rather than its conclusions) is transferred from one discipline to the other. The article closes by underpinning the relevance of artificial cell research for philosophy with reference to the on-going philosophical debates on emergence, biological functions and biocentrism.

Abstract

This review article discusses the interdisciplinary nature and implications of artificial cell research. It starts from two historical theories: Gánti's chemoton model and the autopoiesis theory by Maturana and Varela. They both explain the transition from chemical molecules to biological cells. These models exemplify two different ways in which disciplines of chemistry, biology and philosophy can profit from each other. In the chemoton model, conclusions from one disciplinary approach are relevant for the other disciplines. In contrast, the autopoiesis model itself (rather than its conclusions) is transferred from one discipline to the other. The article closes by underpinning the relevance of artificial cell research for philosophy with reference to the on-going philosophical debates on emergence, biological functions and biocentrism.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine
01 Faculty of Theology > Center for Ethics
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Philosophy
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:21 Feb 2017 07:54
Last Modified:01 Apr 2020 22:39
Publisher:Swiss Chemical Society
ISSN:0009-4293
Additional Information:Copyright © Swiss Chemical Society: CHIMIA, Volume 70, Number 6, June 2016, pp. 443-448(6)
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2533/chimia.2016.443
PubMed ID:27363375

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