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Search and the Aging Mind: The Promise and Limits of the Cognitive Control Hypothesis of Age Differences in Search.


Mata, Rui; von Helversen, Bettina (2015). Search and the Aging Mind: The Promise and Limits of the Cognitive Control Hypothesis of Age Differences in Search. Topics in Cognitive Science, 7(3):416-427.

Abstract

Search is a prerequisite for successful performance in a broad range of tasks ranging from making decisions between consumer goods to memory retrieval. How does aging impact search processes in such disparate situations? Aging is associated with structural and neuromodulatory brain changes that underlie cognitive control processes, which in turn have been proposed as a domain-general mechanism controlling search in external environments as well as memory. We review the aging literature to evaluate the cognitive control hypothesis that suggests that age-related change in cognitive control underlies age differences in both external and internal search. We also consider the limits of the cognitive control hypothesis and propose additional mechanisms such as changes in strategy use and affect that may be necessary to understand how aging affects search.

Abstract

Search is a prerequisite for successful performance in a broad range of tasks ranging from making decisions between consumer goods to memory retrieval. How does aging impact search processes in such disparate situations? Aging is associated with structural and neuromodulatory brain changes that underlie cognitive control processes, which in turn have been proposed as a domain-general mechanism controlling search in external environments as well as memory. We review the aging literature to evaluate the cognitive control hypothesis that suggests that age-related change in cognitive control underlies age differences in both external and internal search. We also consider the limits of the cognitive control hypothesis and propose additional mechanisms such as changes in strategy use and affect that may be necessary to understand how aging affects search.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:July 2015
Deposited On:03 Mar 2017 10:10
Last Modified:24 Jun 2018 07:06
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1756-8757
Additional Information:This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/tops.12139. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms).
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/tops.12139
PubMed ID:25820124

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