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The two subunits of the asialoglycoprotein receptor contain different sorting information.


Fuhrer, C; Geffen, I; Huggel, K; Spiess, M (1994). The two subunits of the asialoglycoprotein receptor contain different sorting information. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 269(5):3277-3282.

Abstract

The human asialoglycoprotein receptor, an endocytic transport receptor of the basolateral surface of hepatocytes, is a hetero-oligomer of two homologous subunits H1 and H2. The cytoplasmic domain of H1 has been shown previously to contain a tyrosine-based signal for endocytosis and basolateral sorting. Here, we have investigated sorting determinants within subunit H2 and their contribution to the targeting of the hetero-oligomeric receptor complex. Despite extensive sequence homology, H2 expressed separately in fibroblast cells was endocytosed poorly, and mutation of phenylalanine 5 (corresponding to the critical tyrosine in H1) did not further reduce internalization. Consistent with this observation, ligand uptake by receptors composed of H1 lacking tyrosine 5 and H2 was inefficient. With respect to polarized transport in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, H2 could not be analyzed separately, because in the absence of H1 subunit H2 was completely degraded intracellularly. Coexpression of both subunits yielded ligand-binding receptors located specifically on the basolateral surface. The mutant H1(5A) (tyrosine 5 replaced by alanine) is approximately 55% apical in the absence of H2. In cells expressing H1(5A) together with H2, however, subunit H2 directed receptor complexes exclusively to the basolateral domain. Phenylalanine 5 is not essential for basolateral transport. Thus, whereas the endocytosis signal of the hetero-oligomeric asialoglycoprotein receptor resides exclusively in subunit H1, polarized transport to the basolateral domain of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells may involve two signals, only one of which is active for endocytosis.

Abstract

The human asialoglycoprotein receptor, an endocytic transport receptor of the basolateral surface of hepatocytes, is a hetero-oligomer of two homologous subunits H1 and H2. The cytoplasmic domain of H1 has been shown previously to contain a tyrosine-based signal for endocytosis and basolateral sorting. Here, we have investigated sorting determinants within subunit H2 and their contribution to the targeting of the hetero-oligomeric receptor complex. Despite extensive sequence homology, H2 expressed separately in fibroblast cells was endocytosed poorly, and mutation of phenylalanine 5 (corresponding to the critical tyrosine in H1) did not further reduce internalization. Consistent with this observation, ligand uptake by receptors composed of H1 lacking tyrosine 5 and H2 was inefficient. With respect to polarized transport in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, H2 could not be analyzed separately, because in the absence of H1 subunit H2 was completely degraded intracellularly. Coexpression of both subunits yielded ligand-binding receptors located specifically on the basolateral surface. The mutant H1(5A) (tyrosine 5 replaced by alanine) is approximately 55% apical in the absence of H2. In cells expressing H1(5A) together with H2, however, subunit H2 directed receptor complexes exclusively to the basolateral domain. Phenylalanine 5 is not essential for basolateral transport. Thus, whereas the endocytosis signal of the hetero-oligomeric asialoglycoprotein receptor resides exclusively in subunit H1, polarized transport to the basolateral domain of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells may involve two signals, only one of which is active for endocytosis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:4 February 1994
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:13
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 12:00
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Related URLs:http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/269/5/3277
PubMed ID:8106365

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