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Acute adaption to oral or intravenous phosphate requires parathyroid hormone


Thomas, Linto; Bettoni, Carla; Knöpfel, Thomas; Hernando, Nati; Biber, Jürg; Wagner, Carsten A (2017). Acute adaption to oral or intravenous phosphate requires parathyroid hormone. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), 28(3):903-914.

Abstract

Phosphate (Pi) homeostasis is regulated by renal, intestinal, and endocrine mechanisms through which Pi intake stimulates parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor-23 secretion, increasing phosphaturia. Mechanisms underlying the early adaptive phase and the role of the intestine, however, remain ill defined. We investigated mineral, endocrine, and renal responses during the first 4 hours after intravenous and intragastric Pi loading in rats. Intravenous Pi loading (0.5 mmol) caused a transient rise in plasma Pi levels and creatinine clearance and an increase in phosphaturia within 10 minutes. Plasma calcium levels fell and PTH levels increased within 10 minutes and remained low or high, respectively. Fibroblast growth factor-23, 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3, and insulin concentrations did not respond, but plasma dopamine levels increased by 4 hours. In comparison, gastric Pi loading elicited similar but delayed phosphaturia and endocrine responses but did not affect plasma mineral levels. Either intravenous or gastric loading led to decreased expression and activity of renal Pi transporters after 4 hours. In parathyroidectomized rats, however, only intravenous Pi loading caused phosphaturia, which was blunted and transient compared with that in intact rats. Intravenous but not gastric Pi loading in parathyroidectomized rats also led to higher creatinine clearance and lower plasma calcium levels but did not reduce the expression or activity of Pi transporters. This evidence suggests that an intravenous or intestinal Pi bolus causes rapid phosphaturia through mechanisms requiring PTH and downregulation of renal Pi transporters but does not support a role of the intestine in stimulating renal clearance of Pi.

Abstract

Phosphate (Pi) homeostasis is regulated by renal, intestinal, and endocrine mechanisms through which Pi intake stimulates parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor-23 secretion, increasing phosphaturia. Mechanisms underlying the early adaptive phase and the role of the intestine, however, remain ill defined. We investigated mineral, endocrine, and renal responses during the first 4 hours after intravenous and intragastric Pi loading in rats. Intravenous Pi loading (0.5 mmol) caused a transient rise in plasma Pi levels and creatinine clearance and an increase in phosphaturia within 10 minutes. Plasma calcium levels fell and PTH levels increased within 10 minutes and remained low or high, respectively. Fibroblast growth factor-23, 1,25-(OH)2-vitamin D3, and insulin concentrations did not respond, but plasma dopamine levels increased by 4 hours. In comparison, gastric Pi loading elicited similar but delayed phosphaturia and endocrine responses but did not affect plasma mineral levels. Either intravenous or gastric loading led to decreased expression and activity of renal Pi transporters after 4 hours. In parathyroidectomized rats, however, only intravenous Pi loading caused phosphaturia, which was blunted and transient compared with that in intact rats. Intravenous but not gastric Pi loading in parathyroidectomized rats also led to higher creatinine clearance and lower plasma calcium levels but did not reduce the expression or activity of Pi transporters. This evidence suggests that an intravenous or intestinal Pi bolus causes rapid phosphaturia through mechanisms requiring PTH and downregulation of renal Pi transporters but does not support a role of the intestine in stimulating renal clearance of Pi.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2017
Deposited On:22 Mar 2017 13:04
Last Modified:01 Apr 2018 01:08
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology
ISSN:1046-6673
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2016010082
PubMed ID:28246304

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