Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The role of gender in employment polarization


Cerina, Fabio; Moro, Alessio; Petersen Rendall, Michelle (2017). The role of gender in employment polarization. Working paper series / Department of Economics 250, University of Zurich.

Abstract

We document that U.S. employment polarization in the 1980-2008 period is largely generated by women. Female employment shares increase both at the bottom and at the top of the skill distribution, generating the typical U-shape polarization graph, while male employment shares decrease in a more similar fashion along the whole skill distribution. We show that a canonical model of skill-biased technological change augmented with a gender dimension, an endogenous market/home labor choice and a multi-sector environment accounts well for gender and overall employment polarization. The model also accounts for the absence of employment polarization during the 1960- 1980 period and broadly reproduces the different evolution of employment shares across decades during the 1980-2008 period. The faster growth of skill-biased technological change since the 1980s accounts for most of the employment polarization generated by the model.

Abstract

We document that U.S. employment polarization in the 1980-2008 period is largely generated by women. Female employment shares increase both at the bottom and at the top of the skill distribution, generating the typical U-shape polarization graph, while male employment shares decrease in a more similar fashion along the whole skill distribution. We show that a canonical model of skill-biased technological change augmented with a gender dimension, an endogenous market/home labor choice and a multi-sector environment accounts well for gender and overall employment polarization. The model also accounts for the absence of employment polarization during the 1960- 1980 period and broadly reproduces the different evolution of employment shares across decades during the 1980-2008 period. The faster growth of skill-biased technological change since the 1980s accounts for most of the employment polarization generated by the model.

Statistics

Downloads

57 downloads since deposited on 11 Apr 2017
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:E20, E21, J16
Uncontrolled Keywords:Job polarization, gender, skill-biased technological change, home production, Technischer Fortschritt, Beschäftigung, Polarisierung, Geschlechtsunterschied, Binnenmarkt, USA
Language:English
Date:March 2017
Deposited On:11 Apr 2017 13:29
Last Modified:16 Mar 2022 08:05
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:41
ISSN:1664-7041
OA Status:Green
Official URL:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp/econwp250.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/workingpapers.php

Download

Green Open Access

Download PDF  'The role of gender in employment polarization'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF (Version March 2017)
Size: 1MB