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Protein Phosphatase 1α enhances renal aldosterone signaling via mineralocorticoid receptor stabilization


Nagarajan, Shunmugam; Vohra, Twinkle; Loffing, Johannes; Faresse, Nourdine (2017). Protein Phosphatase 1α enhances renal aldosterone signaling via mineralocorticoid receptor stabilization. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 450:74-82.

Abstract

Stimulation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) by aldosterone controls several physiological parameters including blood pressure, inflammation or metabolism. We previously showed that MR turnover constitutes a crucial regulatory step in the responses of renal epithelial cells to aldosterone. Here, we identified Protein Phosphatase 1 alpha (PP1α), as a novel cytoplasmic binding partner of MR that promotes the receptor activity. The RT-PCR expression mapping of PP1α reveals a high expression in the kidney, particularly in the distal part of the nephron. At the molecular level, we demonstrate that PP1α inhibits the ubiquitin ligase Mdm2 by dephosphorylation, preventing its interaction with MR. This results in the accumulation of the receptor due to reduction of its proteasomal degradation and consequently a greater aldosterone-induced Na+ uptake by renal cells. Thus, our findings describe an original mechanism involving a phosphatase in the regulation of aldosterone signaling and provide new and important insights into the molecular mechanism underlying the MR turnover.

Abstract

Stimulation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) by aldosterone controls several physiological parameters including blood pressure, inflammation or metabolism. We previously showed that MR turnover constitutes a crucial regulatory step in the responses of renal epithelial cells to aldosterone. Here, we identified Protein Phosphatase 1 alpha (PP1α), as a novel cytoplasmic binding partner of MR that promotes the receptor activity. The RT-PCR expression mapping of PP1α reveals a high expression in the kidney, particularly in the distal part of the nephron. At the molecular level, we demonstrate that PP1α inhibits the ubiquitin ligase Mdm2 by dephosphorylation, preventing its interaction with MR. This results in the accumulation of the receptor due to reduction of its proteasomal degradation and consequently a greater aldosterone-induced Na+ uptake by renal cells. Thus, our findings describe an original mechanism involving a phosphatase in the regulation of aldosterone signaling and provide new and important insights into the molecular mechanism underlying the MR turnover.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 July 2017
Deposited On:06 Jun 2017 09:42
Last Modified:16 Jul 2018 00:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0303-7207
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2017.04.020

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