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Endothelin-1 mediates natriuresis but not polyuria during vitamin D-induced acute hypercalcaemia


Tokonami, Natsuko; Cheval, Lydie; Monnay, Isabelle; Meurice, Guillaume; Loffing, Johannes; Feraille, Eric; Houillier, Pascal (2017). Endothelin-1 mediates natriuresis but not polyuria during vitamin D-induced acute hypercalcaemia. Journal of Physiology, 595(8):2535-2550.

Abstract

Acute hypercalcaemia increases urinary sodium and water excretion; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Because vitamin D-induced hypercalcaemia increases the renal expression of endothelin (ET)-1, we hypothesized that ET-1 mediates the effects of hypercalcaemia on renal sodium and water handling. Hypercalcaemia was induced in 8-week-old, parathyroid hormone-supplemented, male mice by oral administration of dihydrotachysterol (DHT) for 3 days. DHT-treated mice became hypercalcaemic and displayed increased urinary water and sodium excretion compared to controls. mRNA levels of ET-1 and the transcription factors CCAAT-enhancer binding protein β and δ were specifically increased in the distal convoluted tubule and downstream segments in DHT-treated mice. To examine the role of the ET system in hypercalcaemia-induced natriuresis and polyuria, mice were treated with the ET-1 receptor antagonist macitentan, with or without DHT. Mice treated with both macitentan and DHT displayed hypercalcaemia and polyuria similar to that in mice treated with DHT alone; however, no increase in urinary sodium excretion was observed. To identify the affected sodium transport mechanism, we assessed the response to various diuretics in control and DHT-treated hypercalcaemic mice. Amiloride, an inhibitor of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), increased sodium excretion to a lesser extent in DHT-treated mice compared to control mice. Mice treated with either macitentan+DHT or macitentan alone had a similar response to amiloride. In summary, vitamin D-induced hypercalcaemia increases the renal production of ET-1 and decreases ENaC activity, which is probably responsible for the rise in urinary sodium excretion but not for polyuria.

Abstract

Acute hypercalcaemia increases urinary sodium and water excretion; however, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Because vitamin D-induced hypercalcaemia increases the renal expression of endothelin (ET)-1, we hypothesized that ET-1 mediates the effects of hypercalcaemia on renal sodium and water handling. Hypercalcaemia was induced in 8-week-old, parathyroid hormone-supplemented, male mice by oral administration of dihydrotachysterol (DHT) for 3 days. DHT-treated mice became hypercalcaemic and displayed increased urinary water and sodium excretion compared to controls. mRNA levels of ET-1 and the transcription factors CCAAT-enhancer binding protein β and δ were specifically increased in the distal convoluted tubule and downstream segments in DHT-treated mice. To examine the role of the ET system in hypercalcaemia-induced natriuresis and polyuria, mice were treated with the ET-1 receptor antagonist macitentan, with or without DHT. Mice treated with both macitentan and DHT displayed hypercalcaemia and polyuria similar to that in mice treated with DHT alone; however, no increase in urinary sodium excretion was observed. To identify the affected sodium transport mechanism, we assessed the response to various diuretics in control and DHT-treated hypercalcaemic mice. Amiloride, an inhibitor of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), increased sodium excretion to a lesser extent in DHT-treated mice compared to control mice. Mice treated with either macitentan+DHT or macitentan alone had a similar response to amiloride. In summary, vitamin D-induced hypercalcaemia increases the renal production of ET-1 and decreases ENaC activity, which is probably responsible for the rise in urinary sodium excretion but not for polyuria.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 April 2017
Deposited On:27 Jun 2017 07:00
Last Modified:19 Aug 2018 09:20
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-3751
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273610
PubMed ID:28120456
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP2LAP3_151782
  • : Project TitleCharacterisation of the functional role of GPRC6A
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDP300P3_158521
  • : Project TitleInvestigation of new calcium sensing mechanisms in the kidney

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