There is considerable interest to develop antigen-carriers for immune-modulatory clinical applications, but insufficient information is available on their effects on antigen-presenting cells. We employed virosomes coupled to ovalbumin (OVA) to study their interaction with murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and modulation of downstream T cell responses. BMDCs were treated in vitro with virosomes or liposomes prior to determining BMDC phenotype, viability, and intracellular trafficking. Antigen-specific CD4+ T cell activation was measured by co-culture of BMDCs with DO11.10 CD4+ T cells. Compared to liposomes, virosomes were rapidly taken up. Neither nanocarrier type affected BMDC viability, nor did a moderate degree of activation differ for markers such as CD40, CD80, CD86. Virosome uptake occurred via clathrin-mediated endocytosis and phagocytosis, with co-localization in late endosomes. Only BMDCs treated with OVA-coupled virosomes induced enhanced OVA-specific CD4+ T cell proliferation. Antigen-coupled virosomes are endowed with an intrinsic ability to modulate DC-dependent adaptive immune responses.