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The structure of lamin filaments in somatic cells as revealed by cryo-electron tomography


Turgay, Y; Medalia, O (2017). The structure of lamin filaments in somatic cells as revealed by cryo-electron tomography. Nucleus, 8(5):475-481.

Abstract

Metazoan nuclei are equipped with nuclear lamina - a thin layer of intermediate filaments (IFs) mostly built of nuclear lamins facing the inner nuclear membrane (INM). The nuclear lamina serves as an interaction hub for INM-proteins, soluble nuclear factors and DNA. It confers structural and mechanical stability to the nucleus, transduces mechanical forces and biochemical signals across the nuclear envelope (NE) and regulates the organization of chromatin. By using cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET), we recently provided an unprecedented view into the 3D organization of lamin filaments within the lamina meshwork in mammalian somatic cells. Through implementation of averaging procedures, we resolved the rod and globular Ig-fold domains of lamin filaments. The density maps suggested that they assemble into 3.5 nm thick filaments. Our analysis revealed interesting structural differences between nucleoplasmic and cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, raising the question of which molecular cues define their assembly modes inside the cell.

Abstract

Metazoan nuclei are equipped with nuclear lamina - a thin layer of intermediate filaments (IFs) mostly built of nuclear lamins facing the inner nuclear membrane (INM). The nuclear lamina serves as an interaction hub for INM-proteins, soluble nuclear factors and DNA. It confers structural and mechanical stability to the nucleus, transduces mechanical forces and biochemical signals across the nuclear envelope (NE) and regulates the organization of chromatin. By using cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET), we recently provided an unprecedented view into the 3D organization of lamin filaments within the lamina meshwork in mammalian somatic cells. Through implementation of averaging procedures, we resolved the rod and globular Ig-fold domains of lamin filaments. The density maps suggested that they assemble into 3.5 nm thick filaments. Our analysis revealed interesting structural differences between nucleoplasmic and cytoplasmic intermediate filaments, raising the question of which molecular cues define their assembly modes inside the cell.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 June 2017
Deposited On:09 Aug 2017 08:37
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 08:22
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1949-1034
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/19491034.2017.1337622
PubMed ID:28635493

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