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A comparison of volumetric information gain metrics for active 3D object reconstruction


Delmerico, Jeffrey; Isler, Stefan; Sabzevari, Reza; Scaramuzza, Davide (2018). A comparison of volumetric information gain metrics for active 3D object reconstruction. Autonomous Robots, 42(2):197-208.

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the following question: when performing next best view selection for volumetric 3D reconstruction of an object by a mobile robot equipped with a dense (camera-based) depth sensor, what formulation of information gain is best? To address this question, we propose several new ways to quantify the volumetric information (VI) contained in the voxels of a probabilistic volumetric map, and compare them to the state of the art with extensive simulated experiments. Our proposed formulations incorporate factors such as visibility likelihood and the likelihood of seeing new parts of the object. The results of our experiments allow us to draw some clear conclusions about the VI formulations that are most effective in different mobile-robot reconstruction scenarios. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comparative survey of VI formulation performance for active 3D object reconstruction. Additionally, our modular software framework is adaptable to other robotic platforms and general reconstruction problems, and we release it open source for autonomous reconstruction tasks.

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the following question: when performing next best view selection for volumetric 3D reconstruction of an object by a mobile robot equipped with a dense (camera-based) depth sensor, what formulation of information gain is best? To address this question, we propose several new ways to quantify the volumetric information (VI) contained in the voxels of a probabilistic volumetric map, and compare them to the state of the art with extensive simulated experiments. Our proposed formulations incorporate factors such as visibility likelihood and the likelihood of seeing new parts of the object. The results of our experiments allow us to draw some clear conclusions about the VI formulations that are most effective in different mobile-robot reconstruction scenarios. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comparative survey of VI formulation performance for active 3D object reconstruction. Additionally, our modular software framework is adaptable to other robotic platforms and general reconstruction problems, and we release it open source for autonomous reconstruction tasks.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Informatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:22 Aug 2017 12:54
Last Modified:20 Feb 2018 08:52
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0929-5593
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10514-017-9634-0
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:15103

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