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Inactivation of CREBBP expands the germinal center B cell compartment, down-regulates MHCII expression and promotes DLBCL growth


Hashwah, Hind; Schmid, Corina A; Kasser, Sabrina; Bertram, Katrin; Stelling, Anna; Manz, Markus G; Müller, Anne (2017). Inactivation of CREBBP expands the germinal center B cell compartment, down-regulates MHCII expression and promotes DLBCL growth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(36):9701-9706.

Abstract

The genes encoding the histone acetyl-transferases (HATs) CREB binding protein (CREBBP) and EP300 are recurrently mutated in the activated B cell-like and germinal center (GC) B cell-like subtypes of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, we introduced a patient mutation into a human DLBCL cell line using CRISPR and deleted Crebbp and Ep300 in the GC B cell compartment of mice. CREBBP-mutant DLBCL clones exhibited reduced histone H3 acetylation, expressed significantly less MHCII, and grew faster than wild-type clones in s.c. and orthotopic xenograft models. Mice lacking Crebbp in GC B cells exhibited hyperproliferation of their GC compartment upon immunization, had reduced MHCII surface expression on GC cells, and developed accelerated MYC-driven lymphomas. Ep300 inactivation reproduced some, but not all, consequences of Crebbp inactivation. MHCII deficiency phenocopied the effects of CREBBP loss in spontaneous and serial transplantation models of MYC-driven lymphomagenesis, supporting the idea that the mutational inactivation of CREBBP promotes immune evasion. Indeed, the depletion of CD4(+) T cells greatly facilitated the engraftment of lymphoma cells in serial transplantation models. In summary, we provide evidence that both HATs are bona fide tumor suppressors that control MHCII expression and promote tumor immune control; mutational inactivation of CREBBP, but not of EP300, has additional cell-intrinsic engraftment and growth-promoting effects.

Abstract

The genes encoding the histone acetyl-transferases (HATs) CREB binding protein (CREBBP) and EP300 are recurrently mutated in the activated B cell-like and germinal center (GC) B cell-like subtypes of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, we introduced a patient mutation into a human DLBCL cell line using CRISPR and deleted Crebbp and Ep300 in the GC B cell compartment of mice. CREBBP-mutant DLBCL clones exhibited reduced histone H3 acetylation, expressed significantly less MHCII, and grew faster than wild-type clones in s.c. and orthotopic xenograft models. Mice lacking Crebbp in GC B cells exhibited hyperproliferation of their GC compartment upon immunization, had reduced MHCII surface expression on GC cells, and developed accelerated MYC-driven lymphomas. Ep300 inactivation reproduced some, but not all, consequences of Crebbp inactivation. MHCII deficiency phenocopied the effects of CREBBP loss in spontaneous and serial transplantation models of MYC-driven lymphomagenesis, supporting the idea that the mutational inactivation of CREBBP promotes immune evasion. Indeed, the depletion of CD4(+) T cells greatly facilitated the engraftment of lymphoma cells in serial transplantation models. In summary, we provide evidence that both HATs are bona fide tumor suppressors that control MHCII expression and promote tumor immune control; mutational inactivation of CREBBP, but not of EP300, has additional cell-intrinsic engraftment and growth-promoting effects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:22 August 2017
Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 16:31
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 08:35
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1619555114
PubMed ID:28831000

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