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Effects of 6 weeks of parenteral cobalamin supplementation on clinical and biochemical variables in cats with gastrointestinal disease


Kempf, Jennifer; Hersberger, M; Melliger, Roger; Reusch, Claudia E; Kook, Peter H (2017). Effects of 6 weeks of parenteral cobalamin supplementation on clinical and biochemical variables in cats with gastrointestinal disease. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 31(6):1664-1672.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Effects and duration of commonly used protocols for cobalamin (Cbl) supplementation on cellular Cbl deficiency have not been determined in hypocobalaminemic cats.
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effect of Cbl supplementation on clinical signs, serum and urine methylmalonic acid (MMA) concentrations over 16 weeks.
ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned hypocobalaminemic cats with enteropathy.
METHODS: Prospective study. Serum Cbl and serum and urine MMA concentrations were determined prospectively in cats at enrollment (t0), immediately before (t6), and 4 (t10) and 10 weeks (t16) after 6th Cbl injection (250 μg, IM q 7 days). Clinical signs severity (activity, appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, body weight) graded at each time point and expressed as clinical disease activity score.
RESULTS: Clinical disease activity score decreased during supplementation and increased after treatment discontinuation. Median serum Cbl concentration increased significantly from t0 (111 pmol/L, range 111-212) to t6 (2,332.5 pmol/L, range 123-22,730) (P < 0.01). Values at t10 were 610.5 pmol/L (range, 111-2,527) and 180.5 pmol/L (range, 111-2,262) at t16 (P < 0.01). Median baseline serum MMA concentration (372 μmol/L, range 0.39-147,000) decreased significantly to 1.62 μmol/L (range, 0.18-806) at t6 (P < 0.01) and gradually increased to 5.34 μmol/L (range, 0.13-1,730) at t10 and 189 μmol/L (range, 0.4-983) at t16. Similar, nonsignificant, pattern observed for urine MMA concentration. Serum and urine MMA concentrations had not normalized in 12 and 6 cats, respectively, at t6.
CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The Cbl supplementation protocol used here did not lead to complete normalization of cellular Cbl deficiency in all examined cats, and biochemical improvements were transient.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Effects and duration of commonly used protocols for cobalamin (Cbl) supplementation on cellular Cbl deficiency have not been determined in hypocobalaminemic cats.
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effect of Cbl supplementation on clinical signs, serum and urine methylmalonic acid (MMA) concentrations over 16 weeks.
ANIMALS: Twenty client-owned hypocobalaminemic cats with enteropathy.
METHODS: Prospective study. Serum Cbl and serum and urine MMA concentrations were determined prospectively in cats at enrollment (t0), immediately before (t6), and 4 (t10) and 10 weeks (t16) after 6th Cbl injection (250 μg, IM q 7 days). Clinical signs severity (activity, appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, body weight) graded at each time point and expressed as clinical disease activity score.
RESULTS: Clinical disease activity score decreased during supplementation and increased after treatment discontinuation. Median serum Cbl concentration increased significantly from t0 (111 pmol/L, range 111-212) to t6 (2,332.5 pmol/L, range 123-22,730) (P < 0.01). Values at t10 were 610.5 pmol/L (range, 111-2,527) and 180.5 pmol/L (range, 111-2,262) at t16 (P < 0.01). Median baseline serum MMA concentration (372 μmol/L, range 0.39-147,000) decreased significantly to 1.62 μmol/L (range, 0.18-806) at t6 (P < 0.01) and gradually increased to 5.34 μmol/L (range, 0.13-1,730) at t10 and 189 μmol/L (range, 0.4-983) at t16. Similar, nonsignificant, pattern observed for urine MMA concentration. Serum and urine MMA concentrations had not normalized in 12 and 6 cats, respectively, at t6.
CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The Cbl supplementation protocol used here did not lead to complete normalization of cellular Cbl deficiency in all examined cats, and biochemical improvements were transient.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biochemical, Cellular deficiency, Feline, Vitamin B12
Language:English
Date:12 September 2017
Deposited On:05 Oct 2017 13:50
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 08:44
Publisher:Wiley Open Access
ISSN:0891-6640
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.14830
PubMed ID:28895200

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