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FAN1 interaction with ubiquitylated PCNA alleviates replication stress and preserves genomic integrity independently of BRCA2


Porro, Antonio; Berti, Matteo; Pizzolato, Julia; Bologna, Serena; Kaden, Svenja; Saxer, Anja; Ma, Yue; Nagasawa, Kazuo; Sartori, Alessandro A; Jiricny, Josef (2017). FAN1 interaction with ubiquitylated PCNA alleviates replication stress and preserves genomic integrity independently of BRCA2. Nature Communications, 8(1):1073.

Abstract

Interstrand cross-link (ICL) hypersensitivity is a characteristic trait of Fanconi anemia (FA). Although FANCD2-associated nuclease 1 (FAN1) contributes to ICL repair, FAN1 mutations predispose to karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) and cancer rather than to FA. Thus, the biological role of FAN1 remains unclear. Because fork stalling in FAN1-deficient cells causes chromosomal instability, we reasoned that the key function of FAN1 might lie in the processing of halted replication forks. Here, we show that FAN1 contains a previously-uncharacterized PCNA interacting peptide (PIP) motif that, together with its ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain, helps recruit FAN1 to ubiquitylated PCNA accumulated at stalled forks. This prevents replication fork collapse and controls their progression. Furthermore, we show that FAN1 preserves replication fork integrity by a mechanism that is distinct from BRCA2-dependent homologous recombination. Thus, targeting FAN1 activities and its interaction with ubiquitylated PCNA may offer therapeutic opportunities for treatment of BRCA-deficient tumors.

Abstract

Interstrand cross-link (ICL) hypersensitivity is a characteristic trait of Fanconi anemia (FA). Although FANCD2-associated nuclease 1 (FAN1) contributes to ICL repair, FAN1 mutations predispose to karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) and cancer rather than to FA. Thus, the biological role of FAN1 remains unclear. Because fork stalling in FAN1-deficient cells causes chromosomal instability, we reasoned that the key function of FAN1 might lie in the processing of halted replication forks. Here, we show that FAN1 contains a previously-uncharacterized PCNA interacting peptide (PIP) motif that, together with its ubiquitin-binding zinc finger (UBZ) domain, helps recruit FAN1 to ubiquitylated PCNA accumulated at stalled forks. This prevents replication fork collapse and controls their progression. Furthermore, we show that FAN1 preserves replication fork integrity by a mechanism that is distinct from BRCA2-dependent homologous recombination. Thus, targeting FAN1 activities and its interaction with ubiquitylated PCNA may offer therapeutic opportunities for treatment of BRCA-deficient tumors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:20 October 2017
Deposited On:25 Oct 2017 15:06
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 09:01
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-01074-6
PubMed ID:29051491

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