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The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo


Alishani, Mentor. The impact of socio-cultural factors on transmission of Taenia spp. and Echinococcus granulosus in Kosovo. 2017, University of Zurich, Vetsuisse Faculty.

Abstract

Echinococcus granulosus and Taenia hydatigena are common parasites of ruminant intermediate hosts in the Balkan. Transmission is linked mainly to home slaughtering and the feeding of infected organs to dogs. In Kosovo, many old sheep are slaughtered particularly during “Eid al-Adha” (Feast of Sacrifice). To determine whether this tradition could affect parasite transmission, 504 dogs were investigated during three periods (baseline, pre- and post-Eid al-Adha) for excretion of taeniid eggs. After each sampling, dogs were dewormed with praziquantel. The occurrence of taeniid eggs differed significantly between the baseline (6.2%, CI 4.2-8.6), the pre - (1.2%, 0.4-2.6) and post Eid al-Adha period (4.3%, 2.6-6.3), respectively. These results indicate that the significant increase of taeniid infections in dogs, including the zoonotic species E. granulosus, shortly after Eid al-Adha is linked to traditional home slaughtering. This particular epidemiological situation provides an opportunity for implementing focused countrywide control activities.

Abstract

Echinococcus granulosus and Taenia hydatigena are common parasites of ruminant intermediate hosts in the Balkan. Transmission is linked mainly to home slaughtering and the feeding of infected organs to dogs. In Kosovo, many old sheep are slaughtered particularly during “Eid al-Adha” (Feast of Sacrifice). To determine whether this tradition could affect parasite transmission, 504 dogs were investigated during three periods (baseline, pre- and post-Eid al-Adha) for excretion of taeniid eggs. After each sampling, dogs were dewormed with praziquantel. The occurrence of taeniid eggs differed significantly between the baseline (6.2%, CI 4.2-8.6), the pre - (1.2%, 0.4-2.6) and post Eid al-Adha period (4.3%, 2.6-6.3), respectively. These results indicate that the significant increase of taeniid infections in dogs, including the zoonotic species E. granulosus, shortly after Eid al-Adha is linked to traditional home slaughtering. This particular epidemiological situation provides an opportunity for implementing focused countrywide control activities.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Dissertation (monographical)
Referees:Deplazes Peter
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Parasitology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Parasitology

UZH Dissertations
Dewey Decimal Classification:630 Agriculture
Language:English
Place of Publication:Zürich
Date:2017
Deposited On:27 Oct 2017 11:58
Last Modified:07 Apr 2020 07:05
Number of Pages:11
Additional Information:Publiziert in: Parasitology. 2017 Aug 11:1-7
OA Status:Green
Related URLs:https://www.recherche-portal.ch/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=ebi01_prod011034387&context=L&vid=ZAD&search_scope=default_scope&tab=default_tab&lang=de_DE (Library Catalogue)

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